To successfully troubleshoot problems forwarding IP datagrams on a local area network (LAN) link, it is important to understand how TCP/IP uses Address Resolution Protocol (ARP) to resolve a next-hop IP address to its corresponding Network Interface Layer address. TCP/IP for Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista uses ARP for address resolution, duplicate address detection, and neighbor unreachability detection. The Network Bridge for Windows Server 2008 and Windows Vista and the Routing and Remote Access service for Windows Server 2008 uses a variation of ARP called proxy ...

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