This chapter provides an alphabetical reference to all of the useful components that make up Windows XP: an encyclopedia of everything you can do with Windows out of the box. Some of the more prominent applications and utilities that come with Windows XP are available through shortcuts on the Start menu, but many useful tools aren’t as conspicuous — available only to those who know where to look. What you’ll undoubtedly find interesting is the large number of applications that aren’t listed in the Start menu or documented in the manual or in most books.
At the beginning of each entry, you’ll find all the different methods of launching (or opening) these components, including their locations in the Start menu (if applicable), their executable filenames for starting them from the command prompt, or any other means of accessing the component. See Chapter 2 for an overview of all the ways to launch programs in Windows XP.
You may need to
use the command prompt to run some of the programs listed in this
chapter (see Figure 4-1). In addition to the
command prompt application,
cmd.exe, two other
elements in Windows XP can also be used as command prompts. The
Address Bar, typically found at the top of the Internet Explorer
window, is where you type a web site address to instruct IE to open
the corresponding web page. The Address Bar can also be used as a
rudimentary command prompt, where you can type application filenames,
document filenames, and even folder names to open them. The Address
Bar can appear at the top of any
Internet Explorer or Windows Explorer
window, and can even be placed on the Taskbar. The other alternative
to the command prompt is the Run entry in the Start menu, which
behaves nearly identically to the Address Bar. To start an instance
of the Command window, select Start →
.cmd or type cmd in the
Address Bar of any window.
Figure 4-1. Some tools can be used only at the Command Prompt, such as the Windows IP Configuration utility
Note that some of the components listed in this chapter are purely
command-line based. That is, rather than having interactive windows
of their own, they rely on the command prompt application to receive
commands and display information. Many of these types of programs
(often called console applications) simply close when
they’ve completed their task. This means that if you
launch one of these programs from the Start menu or Address Bar, it
will simply appear and disappear before you know what happened. To
use one of these components, you must first open a command prompt
cmd.exe) and type the command there.
Chapter 6 provides more detail on how to use the command prompt and explains the more subtle differences between the command prompt application and the Address Bar. Chapter 3 documents the Address Bar further.