7 Optical Fiber Operational Parameters

Operational parameters of any electronic or photonic devices are specified for operations such as amplification, switching, or transmission, so they are required in both time and frequency domains related to the speed of the system operation. This chapter describes the mechanism and properties of lightwave modulated signals when propagating over a distance of optical fibers, the single-mode optical fibers (SMFs) only, in particular standard SMF (SSMF) and nonzero-dispersion-shifted fibers (NZ-DSFs), and dispersion-compensating fibers. Attenuation and dispersion effects, the two principal impairments in the design of transmission systems, are described in detail.

7.1 Introductory Remarks

In Chapter 8

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