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3D Printing in Medicine

Book Description

3D Printing in Medicine examines the emerging market of 3D-printed biomaterials and its clinical applications. With a particular focus on both commercial and premarket tools, the book looks at their applications within medicine and the future outlook for the field.

The book begins with a discussion of the fundamentals of 3D printing, including topics such as materials, and hardware. Chapters go on to cover applications within medicine such as computational analysis of 3D printed constructs, personalized 3D printing and 3D cell and organ printing. The concluding chapters in the book review the applications of 3D printing in diagnostics, drug development, 3D-printed disease models and 3D printers for surgical practice.

With a strong focus on the translation of 3D printing technology to a clinical setting, this book is a valuable resource for scientists and engineers working in biomaterial, biomedical, and nanotechnology based industries and academia.

  • Provides a comprehensive and authoritative overview of all the medical applications of 3D printing biomaterials and technologies
  • Focuses on the emerging market of 3D printed biomaterials in clinical applications
  • Reviews both commercial and under development materials, tools, their applications, and future evolution

Table of Contents

  1. Cover image
  2. Title page
  3. Table of Contents
  4. Copyright
  5. List of contributors
  6. 1. Introduction to 3D printing in medicine
    1. Abstract
    2. 1.1 3D printing is the latest industrial revolution
    3. 1.2 3D bioprinting in medicine
    4. 1.3 Advantages of 3D printing for medicine
    5. 1.4 Future of 3D printing in medicine
    6. References
  7. 2. 3D printing families: Laser, powder, nozzle based techniques
    1. Abstract
    2. 2.1 Introduction
    3. 2.2 Classification of 3D printing techniques
    4. 2.3 Conclusions and future trends
    5. References
  8. 3. Materials for 3D printing in medicine: Metals, polymers, ceramics, hydrogels
    1. Abstract
    2. 3.1 Introduction
    3. 3.2 Metals
    4. 3.3 Bio-ceramics and bioactive glasses
    5. 3.4 Polymers
    6. 3.5 Hydrogels
    7. 3.6 Summary and outlook
    8. Acknowledgments
    9. References
  9. 4. Computational analyses and 3D printed models: A combined approach for patient-specific studies
    1. Abstract
    2. 4.1 Introduction
    3. 4.2 Patient specific models: image reconstruction
    4. 4.3 Patient specific models: 3D Manufacturing
    5. 4.4 Computer simulations of patient specific cardiac models
    6. 4.5 Patient specific models: the current regulatory perspective
    7. 4.6 Future perspective of patient specific models in cardiovascular applications
    8. References
  10. 5. Patient specific in situ 3D printing
    1. Abstract
    2. 5.1 Patient specific 3D printing
    3. 5.2 Current medical applications for 3D printing
    4. 5.3 Challenges and future advances
    5. 5.4 Summary
    6. References
  11. 6. 3D printed in vitro disease models
    1. Abstract
    2. 6.1 Introduction
    3. 6.2 Recent in vitro disease models
    4. 6.3 Challenges in developing in vitro disease models
    5. 6.4 3D printing technologies: strategies, key attributes, and advantages
    6. 6.5 Future scope
    7. 6.6 Conclusion
    8. Acknowledgments
    9. References
  12. 7. 3D printers for surgical practice
    1. Abstract
    2. 7.1 Introduction
    3. 7.2 Imaging to printed model: steps involved
    4. 7.3 Limitations of CT and MRI images for surgical planning
    5. 7.4 3D printed models for anatomical simulation for surgeons
    6. 7.5 Surgical planning of congenital anomalies
    7. 7.6 3D printed models for anatomical teaching
    8. 7.7 Tissue defect specific implant design
    9. 7.8 3D printing for surgical templates and diagnostic tools
    10. 7.9 Advantages of 3D printed models
    11. 7.10 Challenges for 3D printed models
    12. 7.11 Legal and ethical issues for 3D printing in surgery
    13. 7.12 Conclusion
    14. References
  13. 8. 3D printed pharmaceutical products
    1. Abstract
    2. 8.1 Introduction
    3. 8.2 Pharmaceutical inkjet printing
    4. 8.3 Pharmaceutical 3D printing
    5. 8.4 Summary
    6. References
  14. 9. High-resolution 3D printing for healthcare underpinned by small-scale fluidics
    1. Abstract
    2. 9.1 Clinical need and context
    3. 9.2 High-resolution 3D printing
    4. 9.3 Types of high-resolution 3D printing
    5. 9.4 Fundamentals of micro/nanofluidics
    6. 9.5 Printing materials
    7. 9.6 Exemplar functional devices
    8. 9.7 Conclusion and future directions
    9. References
  15. 10. Four dimensional printing in healthcare
    1. Abstract
    2. 10.1 Introduction
    3. 10.2 Nature inspired stimuli responsive materials for 4D printing
    4. 10.3 4D bioprinting
    5. 10.4 Stimuli responsive biomaterials for 4D bioprinting in medicine
    6. 10.5 Applications and examples of 4D printing in healthcare
    7. 10.6 Summary and outlook
    8. Acknowledgments
    9. References
  16. Index