WHAT YOU WILL LEARN IN THIS CHAPTER:
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At its inception, the Internet was a text delivery system. Whereas the first HTML specification described the
<img> tag for embedding images within a document, HTTP and HTML were designed primarily for transmitting and displaying text (hence, Hyper-Text).
In the late 1990s, personal computers were finding their way into more households, and ordinary people were able to access the web. Naturally, people wanted more from the web, and browser makers accommodated this by designing their browsers to use plug-ins, third-party applications that were designed to do things browsers normally didn’t, such as playing video and audio.Plug-ins solved a particular problem, but they weren’t without their faults—the largest being the need for so many of them. A wide variety of music and video formats were available, and certain plug-ins would only play certain formats. Stability was also an issue because a malfunctioning plug-in could crash ...