Introduction to Science and Engineering Principles for the Development of Bioinspired Materials

Muhammad Wajid Ullah1,2, Zhijun Shi1,2, Sehrish Manan3, and Guang Yang1,2,*

1 College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

2 National Engineering Research Center for Nano‐Medicine, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China

3 College of Plant Sciences and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China

I.1 Bioinspiration

Bioinspiration refers to the process of learning from nature and its biological principles. The science of bioinspired materials aims to develop novel functional materials with advanced and multi‐functional properties by using the nano‐, micro‐, meso‐, and macro‐structures and features of natural materials with the aim to meet the requirements of human well‐being. Natural mechanisms and biological materials can be exploited to design advanced materials to solve the problems encountered in human life. Indeed, the focus of materials science is being increasingly shifted toward the development of bioinspired materials, prompted by the shortage of resources, the low cost, and the superior characteristics of natural materials, and the environmental and climatic concerns. To this end, understanding the biological phenomenon, natural biological materials, and the processes involved in their natural production is essential, and hence, developing biofabrication or bioinspired fabrication ...

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