Carbon Transfer Printing

Book description

Carbon Transfer Printing is a book about one of the earliest photographic processes that provided the first permanent printing methods, available in one form or another for over 150 years. This book reviews the extensive history of carbon transfer and related pigment processes in both monochrome and color.

Table of contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title
  4. Copyright
  5. Contents
  6. Preface
  7. About the Authors
  8. PART ONE History of the Carbon Process and Carbon Transfer Printing Step-by-Step
    1. Chapter 1 History of the Carbon Transfer Process
      1. Monochrome Carbon Transfer
      2. Three-color Carbon
      3. Timeline of the History of Carbon Printing
    2. Chapter 2 Overview, and Making your First Carbon Transfer Print
      1. Step 1—Make the Carbon Tissue
      2. Step 2—Sensitize and Dry the Carbon Tissue
      3. Step 3—Expose the Tissue to a Negative with Ultraviolet Light
      4. Step 4—Mate the Tissue with a Temporary or Final Substrate
      5. Step 5—Develop the Print
      6. Step 6—Clear and Finish the Print
    3. Chapter 3 Supplies and Materials
      1. Introduction
      2. Negative Preparation
      3. Carbon Tissue Preparation
      4. Final Supports for the Print
      5. Sensitizing the Tissue
      6. Exposing the Tissue
      7. Mating the Tissue to Substrate
      8. Development
      9. Print Finishing
    4. Chapter 4 The Working Environment
      1. Lighting
      2. Humidity and Temperature
      3. The Wet Area
      4. The Drying Area
      5. Drying Unsensitized Printing Materials
      6. Drying Sensitized Tissue
      7. The Printing Area
    5. Chapter 5 Negatives for Carbon Printing
      1. Introduction
      2. Section One—Notes on Basic Densitometry
        1. The Characteristic Curve
        2. Using Transmission Step Scales
        3. Procedures for Testing with a Step Wedge
        4. Determine Base Minimum Printing Time with a Step Wedge
        5. Calculating Exposure Scale (ES)
      3. Section Two—Crafting the Analog Film Negative for Carbon Printing
        1. In-camera Film Negatives
      4. Section Three—Digital Negatives
        1. Getting Started with QTR
        2. Printing with QTR Profiles
        3. Install QTR
        4. Install your Printer
        5. Create a Custom QuadTone RIP Profile for Carbon Printing
          1. Step 1—Determine a Standard Print Time
          2. Step 2—Print an Ink Separation Image to Determine Inks and Proportions
          3. Step 3—Create a Custom QTR Profile
          4. Step 4—Install the Profile and Print the 21-step Digital Negative
          5. Step 5—Adjust Ink Density to Get Dmax and Paper White
          6. Step 6—Linearize the Profile
          7. Linearizing with the CURVE_K
          8. Linearizing with the LINEARIZE=
    6. Chapter 6 Making Supports for Single and Double Transfer Carbon Printing
      1. Introduction
      2. Preparing Fixed-out Photographic Paper
      3. Sizing Watercolor Paper
      4. Sizing Watercolor Paper with Polyvinyl Acetate or Acrylic Medium
      5. Sizing Watercolor Paper with Hardened Gelatin
      6. Sizing the Paper
      7. Light Hardening of Watercolor Papers Sized with Gelatin or Albumen Plus Hardener
      8. The Albumen Solution
      9. Prepare the Gelatin Sizing Mixture and Coat the Paper
      10. Surface Prepping of Temporary Plastic Supports for Double Transfer
      11. Sizing Temporary Plastic Supports for Double Transfer
      12. Preparation of Final Paper Supports for Double Transfer
        1. Steps
      13. Sizing for Glass as a Carbon Transfer Support
        1. Classic Glass Sizing
      14. Modern Adhesion Promoter as a Sizing Agent
      15. Other Methods
    7. Chapter 7 Making Carbon Tissue
      1. Introduction
      2. How to Make Carbon Tissue
      3. Making Pigmented Gelatin
      4. Selecting a Gelatin
      5. Preparing the Pigmented Gelatin
      6. Coating Tissue
      7. Tip: Annotate the Back of Your Tissues
      8. The Laydown Method for Coating
      9. Preparation for Coating
      10. Basic Hand Coating
      11. Hand Coating the Tissue
      12. Tip: Calculating Volumes for Coating Height
      13. Using a Magnetic Frame and Rod
      14. Coating the Tissue with a Rod
      15. Using a Mayer Rod
      16. Coating with a Mayer Rod
      17. Selecting and Using Pigments
      18. Inks
      19. Watercolor Pigments
      20. Pigment Dispersions
      21. Dry Pigments
      22. Using an Improvised Ball Mill Storing Tissue
    8. Chapter 8 Basic Working Procedures for Single Carbon
      1. Overview
      2. Preparing a Printing Session
      3. Sensitizing the Tissue
      4. Mixing the Sensitizer with a Spirit
      5. Details of the Procedures
      6. Applying the Sensitizer
      7. Hybrid Dab-brush Sensitizing
      8. Dry the Sensitized Tissue
      9. Expose the Sensitized Tissue
      10. Mate the Exposed Tissue to the Final Support
      11. Mating the Tissue and Support
      12. Development
      13. Saving a Print with a Frilled Edge
    9. Chapter 9 Multilayer Transfer Carbon
      1. Introduction
      2. Correct Orientation
      3. Aesthetic Qualities
      4. Duotones and Full Color CMY and CMYK
      5. The Temporary Support
      6. Performing the First Transfer and Development
      7. Transfer to Soluble Support Paper
      8. Triple Transfer
      9. Pin Registration
    10. Chapter 10 Color Carbon
      1. Contemporary Color Carbon Printing
      2. Making a Color Carbon Print: Overview of Contemporary Practice
      3. Basic CMY Color Calibration Methodology
        1. Identify Suitable Pigments
        2. Design the Pigment Tissues
        3. Linearize the CMY Layers
        4. Adjust the CMY Layers for Gray Balance
        5. Make a Carbon Print
      4. Create an .icc Profile for More Accurate Color Reproduction
      5. Hybrid Color: Combining Color Capture on Film with Digital Methodology
    11. Chapter 11 Alternative Materials and Working Methods with the Carbon Process
      1. Introduction
      2. Section One—Historical Review
        1. Pigment Prints with Direct Carbon Processes
        2. Pigment Prints with the Carbro Process
        3. Pigment Prints by Exposure through Substrate
      3. Section Two—Alternative Light Sensitive Agents with Carbon Printing, with some Practical Workflow Procedures
        1. Silver Bromide
        2. Diazonium Compounds
        3. Practical Use of Diazonium Compounds in Carbon Printing
        4. Making the Diazonium Pre-sensitized Tissue
        5. Diazonium Pre-sensitized Tissue #1—Diazon 22lz
        6. Diazonium Pre-sensitized Tissue #2—DAS
        7. UltraStable Color Clearing Bath
        8. Ferric Salts
        9. Ferric Carbon with Exposure through the Substrate on a Permanent Base
          1. Exposure
          2. Development
          3. Wash off Development
          4. Clearing
        10. Double Transfer Ferric Carbon
        11. Steps in Making a Double Transfer Ferric Carbon Print
    12. Chapter 12 Finishing the Print
      1. Clearing
      2. Drying and Flattening
      3. Spotting
      4. Applying Finishes to Prints
      5. Applying Picture Varnish
      6. Overcoating with Gelatin
  9. PART TWO Contemporary Carbon Transfer Artists
    1. Chapter 13 Artists and Their Creative Practice
      1. Introduction
      2. Tod Gangler
      3. Sam Wang
      4. Michal Macků
      5. Javier De Reparaz
      6. Vaughn Hutchins
      7. Fred Dusel
      8. Erin Kice
      9. Cheng Hua
      10. Zhong Jianming
      11. Philip Schwartz
      12. Kane Stewart
      13. Bruce Campbell
      14. Jim Fitzgerald
      15. Andrew Musil
      16. Marek Matusz
      17. Sidney Kapuskar
      18. David Christensen
      19. Majo Guerrero Fonseca
      20. Andrew O'Neill
      21. Gary Baker
      22. Dave Hatton
      23. Cathy Cakebread
      24. Mark L. Freedman
      25. Jonathan Taala
      26. Ellie Young
  10. Appendix A Suppliers and Resources
  11. Appendix B Safe Practice
  12. Appendix C Sites with Significant Collections of Vintage Carbon Prints
  13. Bibliography
  14. Index

Product information

  • Title: Carbon Transfer Printing
  • Author(s): Sandy King, Don Nelson, John Lockhart
  • Release date: September 2019
  • Publisher(s): Focal Press
  • ISBN: 9780429757266