CHAPTER 1

An Introduction to Linux and a Pre-Assessment Exam

In this chapter, you will learn about

•   A brief history of Linux

•   Linux operating system structure

•   Distributions

•   Common Linux implementations

A Brief History of Linux

To understand Linux and its different distributions, you need to understand what was going on in the world of computing when Linus Torvalds began developing the Linux kernel. The 1950s saw the evolution of computers from single-user, single-task systems to batch processing systems.

Batch Processing

Batch processing is the sequential execution of programs. A programmer would submit a program on punch cards or paper tape to a system operator. The system operator would later “run” the job and give the results ...

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