Chapter 12


Wise and humane management of the patient is the best safeguard against infection.

Florence Nightingale

Malware is a real and prevalent threat to security and privacy. It might never go away. We have mentioned it frequently in other chapters as an example threat. Effective defenses against malware are essential. Unfortunately, mistaken beliefs about malware, malware authors, and malware defenses lead to suboptimal cybersecurity outcomes.

There are many types of malicious software. Some malware steals credit card numbers or personal information. Some holds data for ransom. Some flashes unwanted advertising on the screen. In 2022, Google’s Threat Analysis Group reported that Russia distributed a fake Android app that appeared ...

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