1. Joann Muller, “Musk Thinks Tesla Will School Toyota on Lean Manufacturing; Fixing Model 3 Launch Would Be a Start,” Forbes, February 16, 2018.

2. Kim Clark and Takahiro Fujimoto, Product Development Performance: Strategy, Organization, and Management in the World Auto Industry, Cambridge, MA: Harvard Business School Press, 1991.

Ford’s Historical Turnaround

1. Bryce G. Hoffman, American Icon: Alan Mulally and the Fight to Save Ford Motor Company, Crown Business, New York, 2012.

2. Bill Vlasic, “Choosing Its Own Path Ford Stayed Independent,” New York Times, April 8, 2009.

3. Gerhard Geyer, Ford Motor Company: The Greatest Corporate Turnaround in U.S. Business History, Create Space Independent Publications, June 2011. ...

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