2.1. Introduction to transhumanism
In this chapter, we analyze the implementation of ethics in new business environments, monitored and controlled through robotics- and artificial intelligence (AI)-based support systems.
Indeed, just to take an example, robotics is able to replace or compensate a physical deficiency we may have (e.g. a missing hand). This is considered as an advancement. Sometimes, however, instead of just being a physical recovery, we could implement an enhanced functionality, such as the transplantation of a super-hand. The result will be much better, and anybody could agree with the solution.
When, thanks to the new technologies, we develop a disease-free human being, or, thanks to AI, replace the given intellectual disability of a human being with a sophisticated feature enabling super-intelligence, we are faced with a problem of ethics. This is the case in industry when we develop so-called “augmented systems” [FER 16].
When we use an exo-skeleton, or when we connect ourselves to a super computer endowed with a powerful AI reasoning system, we ...