Chapter 4. Styrenic Plastics

4.1. Background

This chapter on styrenic plastics covers a broad class of polymeric materials of which an important part is styrene. Styrene, also known as vinyl benzene, is an organic compound with the chemical formula C6H5CH = CH2. Its structure is shown in Figure 4.1.
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Figure 4.1
Chemical structure of styrene.
It is used as a monomer to make plastics such as polystyrene, acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS), styrene acrylonitrile (SAN), and the other polymers in this chapter.

4.1.1. Polystyrene

Polystyrene is the simplest plastic based on styrene. Its structure is shown in Figure 4.2.
Figure 4.2
Chemical structure of polystyrene. ...

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