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Financial Accounting, 9th Edition by Jerry J. Weygandt, Donald E. Kieso, Paul D. Kimmel

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Appendix    A   images Specimen Financial Statements: Apple Inc.

Once each year, a corporation communicates to its stockholders and other interested parties by issuing a complete set of audited financial statements. The annual report, as this communication is called, summarizes the financial results of the company's operations for the year and its plans for the future. Many annual reports are attractive, multicolored, glossy public relations pieces, containing pictures of corporate officers and directors as well as photos and descriptions of new products and new buildings. Yet the basic function of every annual report is to report financial information, almost all of which is a product of the corporation's accounting system.

The content and organization of corporate annual reports have become fairly standardized. Excluding the public relations part of the report (pictures, products, etc.), the following are the traditional financial portions of the annual report:

  • Financial Highlights
  • Letter to the Stockholders
  • Management's Discussion and Analysis
  • Financial Statements
  • Notes to the Financial Statements
  • Management's Responsibility for Financial Reporting
  • Management's Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting
  • Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm
  • Selected Financial Data

The official SEC filing of the annual report is called a Form 10-K, which often omits the public ...

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