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Git: Mastering Version Control by Jakub Narębski, Rasmus Voss, Aske Olsson, Ferdinando Santacroce

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Chain of trust

An important part of collaborative efforts during the development of a project is ensuring the quality of its code. This includes protection against the accidental corruption of the repository, and unfortunately also from malicious intent—a task that the version control system can help with. Git needs to ensure trust in the repository contents: your own and other developers' (including especially the canonical repository of the project).

Content-addressed storage

In Chapter 2, Exploring Project History, we learned that Git uses SHA-1 hashes as a native identifier of commit objects (which represent revisions of the project, and form its history). This mechanism makes it possible to generate commit identifiers in a distributed way, ...

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