Susanne Wetzel, Stevens Institute of Technology
In 1998, the five computer and telecommunication companies Ericsson, IBM, Intel, Nokia, and Toshiba formed an alliance to develop and promote a wireless communication technology that became known as Bluetooth. Since then, the membership of the Bluetooth Special Interest Group has increased significantly, and both the number of as well as the market for Bluetooth products have increased considerably.
Bluetooth was designed to be a short-range, low-cost technology eliminating wires and cables between devices such as personal digital assistants (PDAs), cell phones, printers, faxes, headsets, cars, and turnstiles. A particular focus in the design of the communication technology was to not require a fixed infrastructure but to allow for ad hoc networking instead, that is, to enable Bluetooth devices to communicate with each other in dynamically changing constellations. Consequently, these manifold advantages ...