Chapter 14. Academy of Vocal Arts (Not-for-Profit)

This is the complete idealized design of a not-for-profit organization, the Academy of Vocal Arts in Philadelphia described in Chapter 5, “Not-for-Profit and Government Organizations.”. It provides a detailed design that should be of interest and value to anyone who is considering undertaking an idealized design of a not-for-profit organization.


Participative planning is often used to promote organizational change. Although there have been numerous participatory planning initiatives in the past several decades, most of them, according to Allen (1999), are islands of success, not models that have been widely imitated. In addition, some of what is presented as participative planning is ...

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