Chapter 4


1. Mohibbul Hassan, Historians of Medieval India (New Delhi: Meenakshi Publication, 1983), p. 129.

2. M. Athar Ali, Mughal India: Studies in Polity, Ideas, Society and Culture (New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2006).

3. V R. Mehta, Foundations of Indian Political Thought (New Delhi: Manohar, 1996), pp. 134, 144–146.

4. Ibid., pp.134–135.

5. Ibid., pp. 136–137.

6. Harbans Mukhia, The Mughals of India (U.K.: Blackwell, 2005), p. 17.

7. Ibid., p. 17.

8. Mohibbul Hassan, op. cit., p. 130.

9. Abul Fazl, Akbar Nama, Text ed. Ahmed Ali and Abdur Rahim in 3 Vols. English tr. by H. Beveridge, 3 vols. Calcutta, 1902–39, vol. II, pp. 367–92.

10. Ibid., vol. I, pp. 9–10.

11. M. Athar Ali, op. cit., pp. 124–125.

12. Abul Fazl, Akbar Nama

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