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Aurobindo: Nationalism and Democracy

Sangit Kumar Ragi

Introduction

Aurobindo, a creative genius and a multifaceted personality, was a towering figure of the national movement. Nationalists worship him as an apostle and prophet of Indian nationalism.1 He was not a mass leader of the national movement like Gandhi2 but he was no less forceful than him. Aurobindo, whose original name was Aravinda Akroyd Ghose, was born on 15 August 1872 in Kolkata. His father, a district surgeon in Rangapur in Bengal, had studied medicine in Britain and wanted his children to be educated there, free from any kind of Indian influence. After a few years of schooling in Loreto Convent, Darjeeling, Aurobindo and his two elder brothers were packed off to Manchester, ...

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