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Kubernetes: Up and Running by Joe Beda, Brendan Burns, Kelsey Hightower

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Chapter 12. Deployments

So far, you have seen how to package your application as a container, create a replicated set of these containers, and use services to load-balance traffic to your service. All of these objects are used to build a single instance of your application. They do little to help you manage the daily or weekly cadence of releasing new versions of your application. Indeed, both Pods and ReplicaSets are expected to be tied to specific container images that don’t change.

The Deployment object exists to manage the release of new versions. Deployments represent deployed applications in a way that transcends any particular software version of the application. Additionally, Deployments enable you to easily move from one version of your code to the next version of your code. This “rollout” process is configurable and careful. It waits for a user-configurable amount of time between upgrading individual Pods. It also uses health checks to ensure that the new version of the application is operating correctly, and stops the deployment if too many failures occur.

Using Deployments you can simply and reliably roll out new software versions without downtime or errors. The actual mechanics of the software rollout performed by a Deployment is controlled by a Deployment controller that runs in the Kubernetes cluster itself. This means you can let a Deployment proceed unattended and it will still operate correctly and safely. This makes it easy to integrate Deployments with numerous ...

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