In February 2001, when “Agile” was adopted as the umbrella word for methodologies such as Extreme Programming, Crystal, Adaptive Software Development, Scrum, and others, the industrial heritage of agile buzzed around in the background. Womack, Jones, and Roos’s The Machine That Changed the World, Smith and Reinertsen’s Developing Products in Half the Time, and Womack and Jones’s Lean Thinking have resided on my bookshelf for years. The Agility Forum was founded by manufacturers in the early 1990s. The extensive literature on agile and lean industrial product development influenced my work on Adaptive Software Development.

But in Lean Software Development, Mary and Tom Poppendieck take lean industrial practices to a new ...

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