20. Modern Web Development Tools
In this chapter
Introduction to the command line
CSS preprocessors and postprocessors
Build tools and task runners
Git version control
In the exercises in this book, you’ve been writing static HTML pages with embedded style sheets, saving them, and opening them in your browser. Although that is a perfectly valid approach, it is likely not the way you would work if you were doing web development for a living. I figure if you are learning web design and development, you should be familiar with how things are done in a professional environment.
This chapter introduces you to some of the tools used by web developers to make their work easier and their code more robust:
What these advanced tools have in common is that they are generally used with a command-line interface (CLI). So, before we look at specific tools, let’s first get up to speed with the command line.
You probably use a computer with a graphical user Interface (GUI), with icons that stand for files and folders, pull-down menus full of options, and intuitive actions like dragging ...