There are a number of files that control the behavior of C News, but are not
essential. All of them reside in
/etc/news. We describe
them briefly here:
This is a companion file of
active that contains a list
of each newsgroup name along with a one-line description of its main topic.
This file is automatically updated when C News receives a
checknews control message.
If you have a lot of local groups, you can keep C News from complaining about
them each time you receive a
checkgroups message by putting their names and descriptions in this file, just as they would
Two special entries are provided as defaults:
internet. Both provide, in bang-path
notation, the path to the nearest backbone site and the site that understands
RFC-822 style addresses (user@host).
The default entries are:
You do not have to change the
internet entry if you have
exim or sendmail installed; they
understand RFC-822 addressing.
backbone entry is used whenever a
user posts to a moderated group whose moderator is not listed explicitly. If
the newsgroup’s name is
backbone entry contains
path!%s, C News will mail the
article to path!alt-sewer, hoping
that the backbone machine is able to forward the article. To find out which
path to use, ask the news-admin at the site that feeds you. As a last resort,
you can also use uunet.uu.net!%s.
This file is not really a C News file, but is used by some newsreaders and nntpd. It contains the list of distributions recognized by your site and a description of their (intended) effects. For example, Virtual Brewery has the following file:
world everywhere in the world local Only local to this site nl Netherlands only mugnet MUGNET only fr France only de Germany only brewery Virtual Brewery only
This is a log of all error messages created by C News. These messages do not include logs of articles junked due to being sent to an invalid wrong group or other user errors. This file is mailed to the newsmaster (usenet by default) automatically by newsdaily if it is not found empty.
errlog is cleared by newsdaily.
errlog.o keeps old copies and companions.
This file logs all runs of sendbatches. It is usually of scant interest. It is also attended by newsdaily.
This is an empty file created each time newswatch runs.