Lithium-Sulfur Batteries

Book description

A guide to lithium sulfur batteries that explores their materials, electrochemical mechanisms and modelling and includes recent scientific developments

Lithium Sulfur Batteries (Li-S) offers a comprehensive examination of Li-S batteries from the viewpoint of the materials used in their construction, the underlying electrochemical mechanisms and how this translates into the characteristics of Li-S batteries. The authors – noted experts in the field – outline the approaches and techniques required to model Li-S batteries.

Lithium Sulfur Batteries reviews the application of Li-S batteries for commercial use and explores many broader issues including the development of battery management systems to control the unique characteristics of Li-S batteries. The authors include information onsulfur cathodes, electrolytes and other components used in making Li-S batteries and examine the role of lithium sulfide, the shuttle mechanism and its effects, and degradation mechanisms. The book contains a review of battery design and:

  • Discusses electrochemistry of Li-S batteries and the analytical techniques used to study Li-S batteries
  • Offers information on the application of Li-S batteries for commercial use
  • Distills years of research on Li-S batteries into one comprehensive volume
  • Includes contributions from many leading scientists in the field of Li-S batteries
  • Explores the potential of Li-S batteries to power larger battery applications such as automobiles, aviation and space vehicles

Written for academic researchers, industrial scientists and engineers with an interest in the research, development, manufacture and application of next generation battery technologies, Lithium Sulfur Batteries is an essential resource for accessing information on the construction and application of Li-S batteries. 

Table of contents

  1. Cover
  2. Preface
  3. Part I: Materials
    1. 1 Electrochemical Theory and Physics
      1. 1.1 Overview of a LiS cell
      2. 1.2 The Development of the Cell Voltage
      3. 1.3 Allowing a Current to Flow
      4. 1.4 Additional Processes Which Define the Behavior of a LiS Cell
      5. 1.5 Summary
      6. References
    2. 2 Sulfur Cathodes
      1. 2.1 Cathode Design Criteria
      2. 2.2 Cathode Materials
      3. 2.3 Cathode Processing
      4. 2.4 Conclusions
      5. References
    3. 3 Electrolyte for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
      1. 3.1 The Case for Better Batteries
      2. 3.2 Li–S Battery: Origins and Principles
      3. 3.3 Solubility of Species and Electrochemistry
      4. 3.4 Liquid Electrolyte Solutions
      5. 3.5 Modified Liquid Electrolyte Solutions
      6. 3.6 Solid and Solidified Electrolyte Configurations
      7. 3.7 Challenges of the Cathode and Solvent for Device Engineering
      8. 3.8 Concluding Remarks and Outlook
      9. References
    4. 4 Anode–Electrolyte Interface
      1. 4.1 Introduction
      2. 4.2 SEI Formation
      3. 4.3 Anode Morphology
      4. 4.4 Polysulfide Shuttle
      5. 4.5 Electrolyte Additives for Stable SEI Formation
      6. 4.6 Barrier Layers on the Anode
      7. 4.7 A Systemic Approach
      8. References
  4. Part II: Mechanisms
    1. 5 Molecular Level Understanding of the Interactions Between Reaction Intermediates of Li–S Energy Storage Systems and Ether Solvents
      1. 5.1 Introduction
      2. 5.2 Computational Details
      3. 5.3 Results and Discussions
      4. 5.4 Summary and Conclusions
      5. Acknowledgments
      6. References
    2. 6 Lithium Sulfide
      1. 6.1 Introduction
      2. 6.2 Li2S as the End Discharge Product
      3. 6.3 Li2S‐Based Cathodes: Toward a Li Ion SystemS‐Based Cathodes: Toward a Li Ion System
      4. 6.4 Summary
      5. References
    3. 7 Degradation in Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
      1. 7.1 Introduction
      2. 7.2 Degradation Processes Within a Lithium–Sulfur Cell
      3. 7.3 Capacity Fade Models
      4. 7.4 Methods of Detecting and Measuring Degradation
      5. 7.5 Methods for Countering Degradation
      6. 7.6 Future Direction
      7. References
  5. Part III: Modeling
    1. 8 Lithium–Sulfur Model Development
      1. 8.1 Introduction
      2. 8.2 Zero‐Dimensional Model
      3. 8.3 Modeling Voltage Loss in Li–S Cells
      4. 8.4 Higher Dimensional Models
      5. 8.5 Summary
      6. References
    2. 9 Battery Management Systems – State Estimation for Lithium–Sulfur Batteries
      1. 9.1 Motivation
      2. 9.2 Experimental Environment for Li–S Algorithm Development
      3. 9.3 State Estimation Techniques from Control Theory
      4. 9.4 State Estimation Techniques from Computer Science
      5. 9.5 Conclusions and Further Directions
      6. Acknowledgments
      7. References
  6. Part IV: Application
    1. 10 Commercial Markets for Li–S
      1. 10.1 Technology Strengths Meet Market Needs
      2. 10.2 Electric Aircraft
      3. 10.3 Satellites
      4. 10.4 Cars
      5. 10.5 Buses
      6. 10.6 Trucks
      7. 10.7 Electric Scooter and Electric Bikes
      8. 10.8 Marine
      9. 10.9 Energy Storage
      10. 10.10 Low‐Temperature Applications
      11. 10.11 Defense
      12. 10.12 Looking Ahead
      13. 10.13 Conclusion
    2. 11 Battery Engineering
      1. 11.1 Mechanical Considerations
      2. 11.2 Thermal and Electrical Considerations
      3. References
    3. 12 Case Study
      1. 12.1 Introduction
      2. 12.2 A Potted History of Eternal Solar Flight
      3. 12.3 Why Has It Been So Difficult?
      4. 12.4 Objectives of HALE UAV
      5. 12.5 Worked Example – HALE UAV
      6. 12.6 Cells, Batteries, and Real Life
      7. 12.7 A Quick Aside on Regenerative Fuel Cells
      8. 12.8 So What Do We Need from Our Battery Suppliers?
      9. 12.9 The Challenges for Battery Developers
      10. 12.10 The Answer to the Title
      11. 12.11 Summary
      12. Acknowledgments
      13. References
  7. Index
  8. End User License Agreement

Product information

  • Title: Lithium-Sulfur Batteries
  • Author(s): Mark Wild, Gregory J. Offer
  • Release date: March 2019
  • Publisher(s): Wiley
  • ISBN: 9781119297864