Chapter 3. Introducing Technical Analysis

Technical analysis relies on the visual interpretation of the price action’s history to determine the likely aggregate direction of the market. It relies on the idea that the past is the best predictor of the future. There are several types of techniques within the vast field that is technical analysis, notably the following:

Charting analysis
This is where you apply subjective visual interpretation techniques onto charts. You generally use methods like drawing support and resistance lines as well as retracements to find inflection levels that aim to determine the next move.
Indicator analysis
This is where you use mathematical formulas to create objective indicators that can be either trend following or contrarian. Among known indicators are moving averages and the relative strength index (RSI), both of which are discussed in greater detail in this chapter.
Pattern recognition
This is where you monitor certain recurring configurations and act on them. A pattern is generally an event that emerges from time to time and presents a certain theoretical or empirical outcome. In finance, it is more complicated, but certain patterns have been shown to add value across time, and this may partly be due to a phenomenon called self-fulfilling prophecy (a process by which an initial expectation leads to its confirmation). Among known patterns are candlestick patterns, which are the protagonists of this book.

Let’s take a quick tour of the history ...

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