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Modern Discoveries in Neuroscience... And What They Reveal About You (Collection) by Masao Ito, Dale Purves, Miriam Boleyn-Fitzgerald, Andrew Koob

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18. Concluding Thoughts

18-1. What Is the Cerebellum in a Nutshell?

Neuronal circuits in the cerebellum have now been decomposed to the extent that their various neuronal components are defined and synaptic plasticity (LTD/LTP) is as memory elements in neuronal networks; that is, at least for the early phase of memory processes (Chapters 37). Detailed signal flow charts underlying synaptic plasticity have been revealed, as have been some genetic and pharmacological means to manipulate this plasticity. Reconstruction of the cerebellar machine has also advanced markedly (Chapter 9, “Network Models”). Three-layered neuronal networks like a simple perceptron, which is based on the design of neuronal circuits, have been proposed as a model of the ...

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