First, here are some key dates in Timor-Leste’s history:
- 42,000 years ago—Oldest archeological find in Timor with human remains.
- 1225—Notes of Chinese official Zhao Rukuo mention Timor as source of quality sandalwood.
- 1600s—Portuguese invade Timor, set up trading post, and begin exploiting sandalwood resources.
- 1749—Timor split following battles between Portuguese and Dutch. Portuguese take the eastern half along with a small enclave in the west.
- 1942—Japanese invade Timor, and clash with Australian troops who are fighting there to avoid a Japanese invasion of Australia. Some 60,000 Timorese are killed under Japanese rule, which ends in 1945.
- 1974—Coup in Lisbon leads to new Portuguese government that begins ...