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Political Theory by Ranajay Kumar, Hoveyda Abbas

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10

Principle of Justice

Introduction: Equity, Fairness and Justice

In political theory, a great debate revolves around the normative concepts of equality, fairness, justice, common good, general welfare, etc. These are called normative concepts because they generally prescribe ethical or moral standards. If these normative concepts have any meaning as organizing principles of social and political life, then we must understand what they are and how they influence social and political organization, distribution of material resources in the society and policy of the public authority. Justice is derived from the Latin word, jus (also written as ius) or justus meaning law or rights or justitia/justus meaning justness or reasonableness. Justness or ...

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