Case study

To wrap up this chapter, and the book, let's build a basic image compression tool. It will take black and white images (with 1 bit per pixel, either on or off) and attempt to compress it using a very basic form of compression known as run-length encoding. You may find black and white images a bit far-fetched. If so, you haven't enjoyed enough hours at http://xkcd.com!

I've included some sample black and white BMP images (which are easy to read data into and present plenty of opportunity to improve on file size) with the example code for this chapter.

Run-length encoding takes a sequence of bits and replaces any strings of repeated bits with the number of bits that are repeated. For example, the string 000011000 might be replaced ...

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