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List of Figures
Part I Introduction to Quantum Computing
1.1 Life Cycle of a Well-known Invention
1.2 What about Computers and Computing?
1.3 Let us Play Marbles
2 Quantum Computing Basics
2.1 Mystery of Probabilistic Gate
2.2 The Postulates of Quantum Mechanics
2.3 Qbits and Qregisters
2.4 Elementary Quantum Gates
2.5 General Description of the Interferometer
2.6.1 A surprising quantum state – entanglement
2.6.2 The CNOT gate as classical copy machine and quantum entangler
2.6.3 Bell states
2.6.4 Entanglement with the environment – decoherence
2.6.5 The EPR paradox and the Bell inequality
2.7 No Cloning Theorem
2.8 How to Prepare an Arbitrary Superposition
2.9 Further Reading
3.1 General Measurements
3.2 Projective Measurements
3.2.1 Measurement operators and the 3rd Postulate in the case of projective measurement
3.2.2 Measurement using the computational basis states
3.2.3 Observable and projective measurement
3.2.4 Repeated projective measurement
3.2.5 CHSH inequality with entangled particles
3.3 Positive Operator Valued Measurement
3.3.1 Measurement operators and the 3rd Postulate in the case of POVM
3.3.2 How to apply POVM operators
3.4 Relations among the Measurement Types
3.5 Quantum ...
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