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Regular Expressions Cookbook by Steven Levithan, Jan Goyvaerts

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7.16. Matching IPv4 Addresses

Problem

You want to check whether a certain string represents a valid IPv4 address in 255.255.255.255 notation. Optionally, you want to convert this address into a 32-bit integer.

Solution

Regular expression

Simple regex to check for an IP address:

^(?:[0-9]{1,3}\.){3}[0-9]{1,3}$
Regex options: None
Regex flavors: .NET, Java, JavaScript, PCRE, Perl, Python, Ruby

Accurate regex to check for an IP address:

^(?:(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.){3}↵
(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)$
Regex options: None
Regex flavors: .NET, Java, JavaScript, PCRE, Perl, Python, Ruby

Simple regex to extract IP addresses from longer text:

\b(?:[0-9]{1,3}\.){3}[0-9]{1,3}\b
Regex options: None
Regex flavors: .NET, Java, JavaScript, PCRE, Perl, Python, Ruby

Accurate regex to extract IP addresses from longer text:

\b(?:(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.){3}↵
(?:25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\b
Regex options: None
Regex flavors: .NET, Java, JavaScript, PCRE, Perl, Python, Ruby

Simple regex that captures the four parts of the IP address:

^([0-9]{1,3})\.([0-9]{1,3})\.([0-9]{1,3})\.([0-9]{1,3})$
Regex options: None
Regex flavors: .NET, Java, JavaScript, PCRE, Perl, Python, Ruby

Accurate regex that captures the four parts of the IP address:

^(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.↵
(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.↵
(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)\.↵
(25[0-5]|2[0-4][0-9]|[01]?[0-9][0-9]?)$
Regex options: None
Regex flavors: .NET, Java, JavaScript, PCRE, Perl, Python, ...

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