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RTF Pocket Guide by Sean M. Burke

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Chapter 4. Reference Tables

ASCII-RTF Character Chart

Table 4-1 shows the main printable characters you can access in RTF, as defined by the ANSI character set (also known as Code Page 1252, which is basically Latin-1 with some characters added between 128 and 159). Accessing Unicode characters is explained in the Character Formatting section of Chapter 1.

Note that while RTF escapes (\'xx) are valid for all characters, the only characters that have to be escaped are these three characters: {, }, and \, plus all the characters over code 127.

Table 4-1. ASCII-RTF character chart

ASCII code

RTF escape

Character

Character name

0–31

  

Control characters; do not use

32

\'20

 

Space

33

\'21

!

Exclamation mark

34

\'22

"

Double quote

35

\'23

#

Number

36

\'24

$

Dollar

37

\'25

%

Percent

38

\'26

&

Ampersand

39

\'27

'

Apostrophe

40

\'28

(

Left parenthesis

41

\'29

)

Right parenthesis

42

\'2a

*

Asterisk

43

\'2b

+

Plus sign

44

\'2c

,

Comma

45

\'2d

-

Hyphen (use \_ for nonbreaking hyphen)

46

\'2e

.

Period

47

\'2f

/

Slash

48–57

\'30–\'39

0–9

Digits 0–9

58

\'3a

:

Colon

59

\'3b

;

Semicolon

60

\'3c

<

Less-than sign

61

\'3d

=

Equals sign

62

\'3e

>

Greater-than sign

63

\'3f

?

Question mark

64

\'40

@

Commercial at sign

65

\'41

A

 

66

\'42

B

 

67

\'43

C

 

68

\'44

D

 

69

\'45

E

 

70

\'46

F

 

71

\'47

G

 

72

\'48

H

 

73

\'49

I

 

74

\'4a

J

 

75

\'4b

K

 

76

\'4c

L

 

77

\'4d

M

 

78

\'4e

N

 

79

\'4f

O

 

80

\'50

P

 

81

\'51

Q

 

82

\'52

R

 

83

\'53

S

 

84

\'54

T

 

85

\'55

U

 

86

\'56

V

 

87

\'57

W

 

88

\'58

X

 

89

\'59

Y

 

90

\'5a

Z

 

91

\'5b

[

Left square bracket

92

\'5c

\

Backslash

93

\'5d

]

Right square bracket

94

\'5e

^

Caret

95

\'5f

_

Underscore

96

\'60

`

Grave accent

97

\'61

a

 

98

\'62

b

 

99

\'63

c

 

100

\'64

d

 

101

\'65

e

 

102

\'66

f

 

103

\'67

g

 

104

\'68

h

 

105

\'69

i

 

106

\'6a

j

 

107

\'6b

k

 

108

\'6c

l

 

109

\'6d

m

 

110

\'6e

n

 

111

\'6f

o

 

112

\'70

p

 

113

\'71

q

 

114

\'72

r

 

115

\'73

s

 

116

\'74

t

 

117

\'75

u

 

118

\'76

v

 

119

\'77

w

 

120

\'78

x

 

121

\'79

y

 

122

\'7a

z

 

123

\'7b

{

Left curly brace

124

\'7c

|

Vertical bar

125

\'7d

}

Right curly brace

126

\'7e

~

Tilde

127

\'7f

 

Delete character; do not use

128

\'80

Euro character

129

\'81

 

Unassigned

130

\'82

͵

Low left single quote

131

\'83

ƒ

Florin

132

\'84

,,

Low left double quote

133

\'85

...

Ellipsis

134

\'86

Dagger

135

\'87

Double dagger

136

\'88

Circumflex

137

\'89

Permil

138

\'8a

Š

S-caron

139

\'8b

Single left guillemet

140

\'8c

Œ

OE-ligature

141

\'8d

 

Unassigned

142

\'8e

Ž

Z-caron

143

\'8f

 

Unassigned

144

\'90

 

Unassigned

145

\'91

Left single quote

146

\'92

Right single quote

147

\'93

Left double quote

148

\'94

Right double quote

149

\'95

Bullet

150

\'96

En dash

151

\'97

Em dash

152

\'98

~

Tilde

153

\'99

Trademark

154

\'9a

š

s-caron

155

\'9b

Single right guillemet

156

\'9c

œ

oe ligature

157

\'9d

 

Unassigned

158

\'9e

ž

z-caron

159

\'9f

Ÿ

Y-diaeresis

(160)

\~

 

Nonbreaking space

161

\'a1

¡

Inverted exclamation point

162

\'a2

¢

Cent sign

163

\'a3

£

Pound sign

164

\'a4

¤

General currency sign

165

\'a5

¥

Yen sign

166

\'a6

¦

Broken vertical bar

167

\'a7

§

Section sign

168

\'a8

¨

Spacing diaeresis

169

\'a9

©

Copyright

170

\'aa

ª

Feminine ordinal

171

\'ab

«

Left angle quotes

172

\'ac

¬

Not sign

173

\-

(-)

Soft hyphen

174

\'ae

®

Registered trademark

175

\'af

¯

Macron accent

176

\'b0

°

Degree sign

177

\'b1

±

Plus or minus sign

178

\'b2

²

Superscript 2

179

\'b3

³

Superscript 3

180

\'b4

´

Acute accent

181

\'b5

µ

Micro sign (Greek mu)

182

\'b6

Paragraph sign

183

\'b7

·

Middle dot

184

\'b8

¸

Cedilla

185

\'b9

¹

Superscript 1

186

\'ba

º

Masculine ordinal

187

\'bb

»

Right angle quotes

188

\'bc

¼

One-fourth fraction

189

\'bd

½

One-half fraction

190

\'be

¾

Three-fourths fraction

191

\'bf

¿

Inverted question mark

192

\'c0

À

A-grave

193

\'c1

Á

A-acute

194

\'c2

Â

A-circumflex

195

\'c3

Ã

A-tilde

196

\'c4

Ä

A-diaeresis

197

\'c5

Å

A-ring

198

\'c6

Æ

AE-ligature

199

\'c7

Ç

C-cedilla

200

\'c8

È

E-grave

201

\'c9

É

E-acute

202

\'ca

Ê

E-circumflex

203

\'cb

Ë

E-diaeresis

204

\'cc

Ì

I-grave

205

\'cd

Í

I-acute

206

\'ce

Î

I-circumflex

207

\'cf

Ï

I-diaeresis

208

\'d0

Ð

Uppercase edh

209

\'d1

Ñ

N-tilde

210

\'d2

Ò

O-grave

211

\'d3

Ó

O-acute

212

\'d4

Ô

O-circumflex

213

\'d5

Õ

O-tilde

214

\'d6

Ö

O-diaeresis

215

\'d7

×

Multiply sign

216

\'d8

Ø

O-slash

217

\'d9

Ù

U-grave

218

\'da

Ú

U-acute

219

\'db

Û

U-circumflex

220

\'dc

Ü

U-diaeresis

221

\'dd

Ý

Y-acute

222

\'de

Þ

Uppercase thorn

223

\'df

ß

German ess-zed

224

\'e0

à

a-grave

225

\'e1

á

a-acute

226

\'e2

â

a-circumflex

227

\'e3

ã

a-tilde

228

\'e4

ä

a-diaeresis

229

\'e5

å

a-ring

230

\'e6

æ

ae-ligature

231

\'e7

ç

c-cedilla

232

\'e8

è

e-grave

233

\'e9

é

e-acute

234

\'ea

ê

e-circumflex

235

\'eb

ë

e-diaeresis

236

\'ec

ì

i-grave

237

\'ed

í

i-acute

238

\'ee

î

i-circumflex

239

\'ef

ï

i-diaeresis

240

\'f0

ð

Lowercase edh

241

\'f1

ñ

n-tilde

242

\'f2

ò

o-grave

243

\'f3

ó

o-acute

244

\'f4

ô

o-circumflex

245

\'f5

õ

o-tilde

246

\'f6

ö

o-diaeresis

247

\'f7

÷

Division sign

248

\'f8

ø

o-slash

249

\'f9

ù

u-grave

250

\'fa

ú

u-acute

251

\'fb

û

u-circumflex

252

\'fc

ü

u-diaeresis

253

\'fd

ý

y-acute

254

\'fe

þ

Lowercase thorn

255

\'ff

ÿ

y-diaeresis

RTF Language Codes

In RTF, use the \langthatnumber command with the appropriate language code to label a piece of text as a particular language; for example, this paragraph in U.S. English (1033) contains a phrase in French (1036):

{\pard\lang1033 It had a certain
{\i\lang1036 je ne sais quoi}.\par}

Table 4-2 is a partial list of the most common language numbers. A complete list is located at http://www.unicode.org/unicode/onlinedat/languages.html

Note that the language values are in decimal (as used in RTF’s \langthatnumber command). In most Microsoft documentation, the values are (inconveniently) listed in hexadecimal.

Table 4-2. RTF language codes

Language name

Language code (decimal)

Not in any language

1024

Afrikaans

1078

Arabic

1025

Catalan

1027

Chinese (Traditional)

1028

Chinese (Simplified)

2052

Czech

1029

Danish

1030

Dutch

1043

Dutch (Belgian)

2067

English (U.K.)

2057

English (U.S.)

1033

Finnish

1035

French

1036

French (Belgian)

2060

French (Canadian)

3084

French (Swiss)

4108

German

1031

German (Swiss)

2055

Greek

1032

Hebrew

1037

Hungarian

1038

Icelandic

1039

Indonesian

1057

Italian

1040

Japanese

1041

Korean

1042

Norwegian (Bokmål)

1044

Norwegian (Nynorsk)

2068

Polish

1045

Portuguese

2070

Portuguese (Brazilian)

1046

Romanian

1048

Russian

1049

Serbo-Croatian (Cyrillic)

2074

Serbo-Croatian (Latin)

1050

Slovak

1051

Spanish (Castilian)

1034

Spanish (Mexican)

2058

Swahili

1089

Swedish

1053

Thai

1054

Turkish

1055

Vietnamese

1066

Converting to Twips

Measurements in RTF are generally in twips. A twip is a twentieth of a point, i.e., a 1,440th of an inch. It can lead to large numbers sometimes (like \li2160 to set the left indent to an inch and a half), but Table 4-3 should be useful for conversions. Also, see the ruler printed inside the cover of this book.

Conversions between centimeters and anything else are approximate, so figures with a preceding “~” have been rounded.

Table 4-3. Converting to twips

Inches

Twips

Points

Centimeters

 

20 tw

1 pts

 
 

40 tw

2 pts

 
 

~57 tw

 

.1 cm

 

60 tw

3 pts

 
 

80 tw

4 pts

 

1/16″

90 tw

4.5 pts

 
 

100 tw

5 pts

 
 

~113 tw

 

.2 cm

1/9″

160 tw

8 pts

 
 

~170 tw

 

.3 cm

1/8″

180 tw

9 pts

 

1/7″

~206 tw

~10.3 pts

 
 

~227 tw

 

.4 cm

1/6″

240 tw

12 pts

 

3/16″

270 tw

13.5 pts

 
 

~283 tw

 

.5 cm

1/5″

288 tw

14.4 pts

 
 

~340 tw

 

.6 cm

1/4″

360 tw

18 pts

 
 

~397 tw

 

.7 cm

 

~454 tw

 

.8 cm

1/3″

480 tw

24 pts

 
 

~510 tw

 

.9 cm

 

~567 tw

 

1 cm

1/2″

720 tw

36 pts

 
 

~850 tw

 

1.5 cm

3/4

1080 tw

54 pts

 
 

~1134 tw

 

2 cm

1″

1440 tw

72 pts

 
 

~1701 tw

 

3 cm

1.5″

2160 tw

108 pts

 
 

~2268 tw

 

4 cm

 

~2835 tw

 

5 cm

2″

2880 tw

144 pts

 
 

~3402 tw

 

6 cm

2.5″

3600 tw

180 pts

 

3″

4320 tw

216 pts

 
 

~5669 tw

 

10 cm

4″

5760 tw

288 pts

 

5″

7200 tw

360 pts

 

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