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Salted Paper Printing

Book Description

Salted Paper Printing: A Step-by-Step Manual Highlighting Contemporary Artists makes one of the oldest known photographic processes easy for the 21st century using simple digital negative methods.

Christina Z. Anderson’s in-depth discussion begins with a history of salted paper printing, then covers the salted paper process from beginner to intermediate level, with step-by-step instructions and an illustrated troubleshooting guide. Including cameraless imagery, hand-coloring, salt in combination with gum, and printing on fabric, Salted Paper Printing contextualizes the practice within the varied alternative processes. Anderson offers richly-illustrated profiles of contemporary artists making salted paper prints, discussing their creative process and methods.

Salted Paper Printing is perfect for the seasoned photographer looking to dip their toe into alternative processes, or for the photography student eager to engage with photography’s rich history.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Half Title
  3. Title Page
  4. Copyright Page
  5. Dedication
  6. Table of Contents
  7. Preface
  8. Introduction to Salted Paper
  9. Chapter 1 A Brief History of Salted Paper
  10. Part One Salted Paper Step-by-Step
    1. Chapter 2 Setting Up the Salted Paper Dimroom
      1. “Simple salt” chemistry
      2. Chemistry for the salt enthusiast
      3. Salting/sizing chemistry
      4. Sensitizer chemistry
      5. Processing chemistry
      6. Toning chemistry
      7. Gum chemistry
      8. Handcoloring supplies
      9. Varnishing supplies, if desired
      10. Safety first!
      11. Essential big(ger) equipment
      12. Nonessential bigger equipment
      13. Essential smaller equipment and supplies
      14. Essential consumables
      15. Paper
    2. Chapter 3 Digital Negatives for Salted Paper
      1. Curve preparation
      2. Curves step by step
      3. Image preparation for all negatives
      4. Monochrome salted paper negative
      5. Printer settings
      6. Understanding curves
      7. Pizza wheels
      8. Concluding remarks
    3. Chapter 4 Talbot’s Photogenic Drawing Process
      1. Supplies
      2. Unsalted paper/hot water fix
      3. Unsalted paper/salted water fix
      4. Unsalted paper/ammonia fix
      5. Salted paper/salted water fix
      6. Salted paper/potassium iodide fix
      7. Salted paper/potassium bromide fix
    4. Chapter 5 Creating Your First Salted Paper Print
      1. Supplies
      2. Processing solutions
      3. Silver nitrate solution
      4. 1% gold chloride solution
      5. Paper salting solution
      6. 5% salted water wash
      7. Gold sodium carbonate toner
      8. Alkaline fixer
      9. Hypoclear
      10. Salting the paper*
      11. Sensitizing the paper*
      12. Exposing, processing, and toning
    5. Chapter 6 Salting and Sensitizing the Paper
      1. Supplies for salting and sensitizing
      2. About salts
      3. About sizes
      4. About water
      5. About brushes
      6. Salting and salt-size formulas
      7. Sodium chloride salting solution
      8. Sodium chloride/citric acid/rochelle salts
      9. Ammonium Chloride/Sodium Citrate
      10. Ammonium chloride/sodium citrate/gelatin
      11. Clark’s arrowroot salt size I
      12. Clark’s arrowroot salt size II
      13. Casein salt size
      14. Carrageenan salt size
      15. Silver nitrate sensitizer
      16. 15% silver nitrate
      17. Silver nitrate/citric acid
      18. Sensitizing the paper
    6. Chapter 7 Exposing and Processing Salted Paper
      1. Determining exposure with an OHP strip
      2. Determining exposure by inspection
      3. Exposure tips
      4. Processing solutions
      5. 5% salted water wash
      6. 5% salted water wash formula
      7. Alkaline fixer
      8. Ammonium thiosulfate rapid fix
      9. Hypoclear
      10. Processing the exposed paper
      11. Processing steps
    7. Chapter 8 Toning Salted Paper
      1. Gold toning
      2. Amount of in the formula
      3. Alkalinity of the formula
      4. 1% gold chloride solution
      5. Gold sodium bicarbonate toner
      6. Gold sodium carbonate toner
      7. Gold borax toner
      8. Gold sodium acetate toner
      9. Gold ammonium benzoate toner
      10. Gold sodium phosphate toner
      11. Gold aluminum toner
      12. Gold sodium tungstate toner
      13. Gold thiocyanate toner
      14. Gold iodide-thiocyanate toner
      15. Gold iodide-thiocyanate toner II
      16. Gold thiourea toner
      17. Gold thiourea toner II
      18. Sel d’or toner
      19. Platinum and palladium toning
      20. Platinum or palladium toner
      21. Selenium toning
      22. Selenium toner
      23. Copper toning
      24. Ferguson’s copper toner
      25. Cassell’s copper toner
      26. Photo Miniature copper toner
      27. Iron blue toning
      28. Iron blue toner
      29. Toning tips
    8. Chapter 9 Advanced Techniques for Salted Paper
      1. Taming an unsuitable paper
      2. Universal salting recipe
      3. Casein salt size I
      4. Casein salt size II
      5. Agar agar salt sizing
      6. Cupric chloride as a contrast agent
      7. Silver nitrate/citric acid
      8. Ammonium sulfate
      9. Ammonium Sulfate Salting
    9. Chapter 10 Troubleshooting Salted Paper
      1. Problems addressed, in this order
      2. Occurrence of problems, in this order
      3. The print has faded and/or yellowed
      4. The print has stains, splotches, spots
      5. The print has dark streaks in it
      6. The print has white streaks in it
      7. The print has yellowed in the highlights
      8. The print is fogged
      9. The print is blotchy and mottled
      10. The print looks like it has the measles
      11. The print has toning issues
      12. The print is too low contrast and dull
      13. The print is high contrast and harsh
      14. The print is too light
      15. The print is too dark
      16. The print has bronzed (too much)
      17. The color is inconsistent
      18. The silver nitrate solution is brown
      19. There are silver stains on clothes, etc.
    10. Chapter 11 Printing Gum Over Salted Paper
      1. Essential supplies
      2. Duotone (warm/cool) negatives
      3. Tricolor (RGB) negatives
      4. Quadcolor (CMYK) negatives
      5. Sizing
      6. Dichromate preparation
      7. Pigment choice, in a nutshell
      8. Preparing stock solutions
      9. Preparing working strength solutions
      10. Registering gum
      11. Coating gum
      12. Exposing gum
      13. Developing gum
      14. Using the salt negative for gum
      15. Using duotone negatives
      16. Using tricolor (RGB) negatives
      17. Using CMYK negatives
      18. Troubleshooting gum
    11. Chapter 12 Handcoloring and Other Creative Ideas
      1. Watercolor pencils
      2. Supplies
      3. Photo oils
      4. Supplies
      5. Printing salt over cyanotype
      6. Cyanotype formula
      7. Printing salted paper on fabric
      8. Printing salted paper on wood
      9. Creative bleaching
      10. Printing on colored salted paper
      11. The watercolor sandwich
      12. Salted paper “orotone”
      13. Other creative ideas
    12. Chapter 13 Finishing, Framing, and Storing Salted Paper
      1. Preserving a digital copy
      2. To varnish, or not to varnish
      3. How to best store the print
      4. Matting and framing
  11. Part Two Contemporary Salted Paper Artists
    1. Chapter 14 Contemporary Salted Paper Artists
      1. Kimberly Anderson
      2. Darryl Baird
      3. Matthew Brandt
      4. Daniel W. Coburn
      5. Megan Crawford
      6. Dan Estabrook
      7. Adam Finkelston
      8. Brittonie Fletcher
      9. Luther D. Gerlach
      10. Keith Gerling
      11. Brenton Hamilton
      12. Suzanne Izzo
      13. Ken Keen
      14. Rebecca Sexton Larson
      15. Marek Matusz
      16. Leanne McPhee
      17. Dave Molnar
      18. France Scully Osterman
      19. Mark Osterman
      20. Jessica Christine Owen
      21. Carol Panaro-Smith and James Hajicek
      22. Ron Reeder
      23. Dianna Rust
      24. Karel Van Gerven
      25. Alan Vlach
      26. Sam Wang
      27. Wynn White
      28. DM Witman
      29. Ellie Young
  12. Appendix Including Historical Salting Formulas
    1. Historical salting formula charts
    2. The guerrilla fix
    3. Determining exposure with a step wedge
    4. Weights and measures
    5. Sources for supplies
  13. Bibliography
  14. Index