Chart 4.3 illustrates the head and shoulder formation, a formation that has a bearish and a bullish variant, for indicating significant market top and market bottom junctures, respectively. These are the conditions that define the head and shoulder formation.
The head and shoulder formation is probably the best known of chart patterns, frequently significant in both its bullish and bearish configurations, although it is by no means 100% accurate in its predictions.
At market tops, the following occurs:
The stock market rises to a ...