Chapter One

Automating adaptive control with item-specific learning

Yu-Chin Chiu*    Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States* Corresponding author: email address: yuchinchiu@purdue.edu

Abstract

Cognitive control, as a goal-directed, or top-down, process, overcomes the automatic tendency to produce an action primed by the environmental stimuli. Recent empirical evidence suggests that cognitive control can be instantiated automatically by stimuli in a bottom-up manner based on prior associations between the stimulus and a particular control state. Memory-guided control explains how control is adaptive without recourse to the idea of a homunculus. This chapter reviews a mixed collection of research lines, each focusing on a distinct component ...

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