5    New Religious Movements asTransnational Providers ofSocial Support

The Case of Sukyo Mahikari

Wendy Smith


Analysis of the functioning of new religious movements (NRMs) as transnational organisations is a relatively new academic field of enquiry (Smith 2008a). Indeed, many NRMs operate in the same way as transnational corporations (TNCs),1 with the same scale of personnel (members), property holding (centres, headquarters, pilgrimage shrines), staffing issues (posting qualified administrators internationally), budget (donations and sales of spiritual literature and artefacts), and the same transnational, cross-cultural management issues, minus the profit motive. But while the focus of organisational life in TNCs is the maximisation ...

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