Chapter 8. Backend Patterns for Micro-Frontends

You may think that micro-frontends are a possible architecture only when you combine them with microservices because we can have end-to-end technology autonomy. Maybe you’re thinking that your monolith architecture would never support micro-frontends, or even that having a monolith on the API layer would mean mirroring the architecture on the frontend as well. However, that’s not the case. There are several nuances to take into consideration, and micro-frontends can definitely be used in combination with microservices and monolith. In this chapter, we review some possible integrations between the frontend and backend layers. In particular, we analyze how micro-frontends can work in combination with a monolith, with microservices, and even with the backend-for-frontend (BFF) pattern. Also, we will discuss the best patterns to integrate with different micro-frontends implementations, such as the vertical split, the horizontal split with a client-side composition, and the horizontal split with server-side composition. Finally, we will explore how GraphQL can be a valid solution for micro-frontends as a single entry point for our APIs.

API Integration and Micro-Frontends

Let’s start by defining the different API approaches we may have in a web application. As shown in Figure 8-1, we focus our journey on the most used and well-known patterns. This doesn’t mean micro-frontends work only with these implementations. You can devise the right ...

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