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CompTIA IT Fundamentals Cert Guide, First Edition

Book Description

The first step towards an IT career, and the clear pathway to more advanced certifications, CompTIA IT Fundamentals demonstrates your understanding of basic IT concepts, terminology, infrastructure, applications, software development concepts, database fundamentals, and security. CompTIA IT Fundamentals Cert Guide is the comprehensive self-study resource for the updated FC0-U61 version of this exam.

 

Designed for all CompTIA IT Fundamentals candidates, this full-color guide covers every exam objective concisely and logically, with extensive teaching features designed to promote retention and understanding. You’ll find:

  • Pre-chapter quizzes to assess knowledge upfront and focus your study more efficiently
  • Foundation topics sections that explain concepts and configurations, and link theory to practice
  • Key topics sections calling attention to every figure, table, and list you must know
  • Exam Preparation sections with additional chapter review features
  • Final preparation chapter providing tools and a complete final study plan
  • A customizable practice test library
  • Practical guidance on next steps and more advanced certifications

This guide offers comprehensive, up-to-date coverage of all CompTIA IT Fundamentals topics related to:

  • IT concepts and terminology, including data types, input, processing, output, storage, the value of data and information, and basic troubleshooting methods
  • Infrastructure, including I/O hardware, peripheral setup and installation, internal computer components, Internet service types, storage types, computing devices, and networking
  • Applications and software, including software management, operating system components, software types and uses, application architecture and delivery models, web browser configuration, application concepts, and best practices
  • Software development concepts, including types of programming languages, programming organization techniques and logic, and basic programming concepts
  • Database concepts, purposes, structures, and interfaces
  • Security issues, including confidentiality, integrity, and availability; best practices for securing devices; behavioral security concepts; authentication, authorization, password best practices; encryption; and business continuity concepts

Table of Contents

  1. Cover Page
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright Page
  4. Contents at a Glance
  5. Table of Contents
  6. About the Author
  7. Dedication
  8. Acknowledgments
  9. About the Technical Reviewer
  10. We Want to Hear from You!
  11. Reader Services
  12. Introduction
    1. Goals and Methods
    2. What’s New in the Exam
    3. Who Should Read This Book?
    4. Strategies for Exam Preparation
    5. Book Features and Exam Preparation Methods
    6. Companion Website
    7. Pearson IT Certification Practice Test Engine and Questions
  13. Chapter 1. Welcome to CompTIA IT Fundamentals+
    1. Introduction
    2. Domain 1.0—IT Concepts and Terminology
    3. Domain 2.0—Infrastructure
    4. Domain 3.0—Applications and Software
    5. Domain 4.0—Software Development Concepts
    6. Domain 5.0—Database Fundamentals
    7. Domain 6.0—Security
    8. Hardware, Equipment, and Tools
    9. Software
  14. Part 1: Domain 1.0 - IT Concepts and Terminology (17% of total)
    1. Chapter 2. How Computers Store Data: Notational Systems
      1. Binary
      2. Hexadecimal
      3. Decimal
      4. Data Representation
      5. Practice Questions for Objective 1.1
      6. Your Next Steps
    2. Chapter 3. Compare and Contrast Fundamental Data Types and Their Characteristics
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Char
      3. Strings
      4. Numbers
      5. Boolean
      6. Exam Preparation Topics
      7. Review Topics
      8. Define Key Terms
      9. Practice Questions for Objective 1.2
      10. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    3. Chapter 4. Input, Output, and More: The Basics of Computing and Processing
      1. Input
      2. Processing
      3. Output
      4. Storage
      5. Practice Questions for Objective 1.3
      6. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    4. Chapter 5. Explain the Value of Data and Information
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Data and Information as Assets
      3. Importance of Investing in Security
      4. Relationship of Data to Creating Information
      5. Intellectual Property
      6. Digital Products
      7. Data-Driven Business Decisions
      8. Exam Preparation Tasks
      9. Review All Key Topics
      10. Define Key Terms
      11. Practice Questions for Objective 1.4
      12. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    5. Chapter 6. Common Units of Measure: Storage, Throughput, and Speed
      1. Storage Units
      2. Throughput Unit
      3. Processing Speed
      4. Practice Questions for Objective 1.5
      5. Your Next Steps
    6. Chapter 7. Explain the Troubleshooting Methodology
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Identify the Problem
      3. Research Knowledge Base/Internet, If Applicable
      4. Establish a Theory of Probable Cause
      5. Test the Theory to Determine the Cause
      6. Establish a Plan of Action to Resolve the Problem and Identify Potential Effects
      7. Implement the Solution or Escalate as Necessary
      8. Verify Full System Functionality and, If Applicable, Implement Preventive Measures
      9. Document Findings/Lessons Learned, Actions, and Outcomes
      10. Exam Preparation Tasks
      11. Review All Key Topics
      12. Define Key Terms
      13. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
      14. Practice Questions for Objective 1.6
      15. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
  15. Part 2: Domain 2.0 - Infrastructure (22% of total)
    1. Chapter 8. I/O: Input/Output Device Interfaces
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Networking
      3. Peripheral Device
      4. Graphic Device
      5. Exam Preparation Topics
      6. Review Topics
      7. Define Key Terms
      8. Practice Questions for Objective 2.1
      9. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    2. Chapter 9. Set Up and Install Common Peripherals
      1. Devices
      2. Installation Types
      3. Practice Questions for Objective 2.2
      4. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    3. Chapter 10. Explain the Purpose of Common Internal Computer Components
      1. Motherboard/System Board
      2. Firmware/BIOS
      3. RAM
      4. CPU
      5. GPU
      6. Storage
      7. Cooling
      8. NIC
      9. Practice Questions for Objective 2.3
      10. Your Next Steps
    4. Chapter 11. Internet Service Types
      1. Fiber Optic
      2. Cable
      3. DSL
      4. Wireless
      5. Comparing Internet Services
      6. Practice Questions for Objective 2.4
      7. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    5. Chapter 12. Compare and Contrast Storage Types
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Volatile vs. Nonvolatile
      3. Local Storage Types
      4. Local Network Storage Types
      5. Cloud Storage Service
      6. Exam Preparation Topics
      7. Review Topics
      8. Define Key Terms
      9. Practice Questions for Objective 2.5
      10. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    6. Chapter 13. Compare and Contrast Common Computing Devices and Their Purposes
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Mobile Phones
      3. Tablets
      4. Laptops
      5. Workstations
      6. Servers
      7. Gaming Consoles
      8. IoT
      9. Exam Preparation Tasks
      10. Review All Key Topics
      11. Complete the Tables and Lists from Memory
      12. Define Key Terms
      13. Practice Questions for Objective 2.6
      14. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    7. Chapter 14. Explain Basic Networking Concepts
      1. Basics of Network Communication
      2. Device Addresses
      3. Basic Protocols
      4. Devices
      5. Practice Questions for Objective 2.7
      6. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    8. Chapter 15. Given a Scenario, Install, Configure, and Secure a Basic Wireless Network
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. 802.11a/b/g/n/ac
      3. Best Practices
      4. Exam Preparation Topics
      5. Review Topics
      6. Define Key Terms
      7. Practice Questions for Objective 2.8
      8. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
  16. Part 3: Domain 3.0 - Applications and Software (18% of total)
    1. Chapter 16. Explain the Purpose of Operating Systems
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Interface Between Applications and Hardware
      3. Disk Management
      4. Process Management/Scheduling
      5. Application Management
      6. Memory Management
      7. Device Management
      8. Access Control/Protection
      9. Types of OS
      10. Exam Preparation Tasks
      11. Review All Key Topics
      12. Define Key Terms
      13. Practice Questions for Objective 3.1
      14. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    2. Chapter 17. Components of an Operating System: Features, Processes, UI, and Management
      1. File Systems and Features
      2. Features
      3. File Management
      4. Services
      5. Processes
      6. Drivers
      7. Utilities
      8. Interfaces
      9. Practice Questions for Objective 3.2
      10. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    3. Chapter 18. Purpose and Proper Use of Software
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Productivity Software
      3. Collaboration Software
      4. Business Software
      5. Exam Preparation Topics
      6. Review Topics
      7. Define Key Terms
      8. Practice Questions for Objective 3.3
      9. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    4. Chapter 19. Methods of Application Delivery and Architecture
      1. Application Delivery Methods
      2. Application Architecture Models
      3. Practice Questions for Objective 3.4
      4. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    5. Chapter 20. Configuring and Using Web Browsers
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Caching/Clearing Cache
      3. Deactivate Client-Side Scripting
      4. Browser Add-Ons/Extensions
      5. Private Browsing
      6. Proxy Settings
      7. Certificates
      8. Popup Blockers
      9. Script Blockers
      10. Compatible Browser for Application(s)
      11. Exam Preparation Tasks
      12. Review All Key Topics
      13. Define Key Terms
      14. Practice Questions for Objective 3.5
      15. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    6. Chapter 21. Compare and Contrast General Application Concepts and Uses
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Single-Platform Software
      3. Cross-Platform Software
      4. Licensing
      5. Software Installation Best Practices
      6. Exam Preparation Topics
      7. Review Topics
      8. Define Key Terms
      9. Practice Questions for Objective 3.6
      10. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
  17. Part 4: Domain 4.0 - Software Development Concepts (12% of total)
    1. Chapter 22. Compare and Contrast Programming Language Categories
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Interpreted
      3. Compiled Programming Languages
      4. Query Languages
      5. Assembly Language
      6. Exam Preparation Tasks
      7. Review All Key Topics
      8. Practice Questions for Objective 4.1
      9. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    2. Chapter 23. Using Programming Organizational Techniques and Interpret Logic
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Organizational Techniques
      3. Logic Components
      4. Exam Preparation Tasks
      5. Review All Key Topics
      6. Practice Questions for Objective 4.2
      7. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    3. Chapter 24. Explain the Purpose and Use of Programming Concepts
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Identifiers
      3. Containers
      4. Functions
      5. Objects
      6. Exam Preparation Tasks
      7. Review All Key Topics
      8. Define Key Terms
      9. Practice Questions for Objective 4.3
      10. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
  18. Part 5: Domain 5.0 - Database Fundamentals (11% of exam)
    1. Chapter 25. Explain Database Concepts and the Purpose of a Database
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Usage of Database
      3. Flat File vs. Database
      4. Records
      5. Storage
      6. Exam Preparation Tasks
      7. Review All Key Topics
      8. Define Key Terms
      9. Practice Questions for Objective 5.1
      10. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    2. Chapter 26. Compare and Contrast Various Database Structures
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Structured vs. Semi-Structured vs. Nonstructured
      3. Relational Databases
      4. Nonrelational Databases
      5. Exam Preparation Tasks
      6. Review All Key Topics
      7. Define Key Terms
      8. Practice Questions for Objective 5.2
      9. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    3. Chapter 27. Summarize Methods Used to Interface with Databases
      1. Foundational Topics
      2. Relational Methods
      3. Database Access Methods
      4. Export/Import
      5. Exam Preparation Tasks
      6. Review All Key Topics
      7. Define Key Terms
      8. Practice Questions for Objective 5.3
      9. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
  19. Part 6: Domain 6.0 - Security (20% of exam)
    1. Chapter 28. Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability Concerns
      1. Confidentiality Concerns
      2. Integrity Concerns
      3. Availability Concerns
      4. Exam Preparation Tasks
      5. Review All Key Topics
      6. Define Key Terms
      7. Practice Questions for Objective 6.1
      8. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    2. Chapter 29. Device Security Best Practices
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Securing Devices (Mobile/Workstation)
      3. Device Use Best Practices
      4. Exam Preparation Tasks
      5. Review All Key Topics
      6. Define Key Terms
      7. Practice Questions for Objective 6.2
      8. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    3. Chapter 30. Summarize Behavioral Security Concepts
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Expectations of Privacy When Using…
      3. Written Policies and Procedures
      4. Handling of Confidential Information
      5. Exam Preparation Tasks
      6. Review All Key Topics
      7. Define Key Terms
      8. Practice Questions for Objective 6.3
      9. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    4. Chapter 31. Compare and Contrast Authentication, Authorization, Accounting, and Nonrepudiation Concepts
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Authentication
      3. Authorization
      4. Accounting
      5. Nonrepudiation
      6. Exam Preparation Tasks
      7. Review All Key Topics
      8. Define Key Terms
      9. Practice Questions for Objective 6.4
      10. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    5. Chapter 32. Explain Password Best Practices
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Password Length
      3. Password Complexity
      4. Password History
      5. Password Expiration
      6. Password Reuse Across Sites
      7. Password Reset Process
      8. Exam Preparation Tasks
      9. Review All Key Topics
      10. Practice Questions for Objective 6.5
      11. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    6. Chapter 33. Explain Common Uses of Encryption
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Plain Text vs. Cipher Text
      3. Data at Rest
      4. Data in Transit
      5. Exam Preparation Tasks
      6. Review All Key Topics
      7. Define Key Terms
      8. Practice Questions for Objective 6.6
      9. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    7. Chapter 34. Explain Business Continuity Concepts
      1. Foundation Topics
      2. Fault Tolerance
      3. Disaster Recovery
      4. Exam Preparation Tasks
      5. Review All Key Topics
      6. Define Key Terms
      7. Practice Questions for Objective 6.7
      8. Your Next Steps (More Certs)
    8. Chapter 35. Final Preparation
      1. Advice About the Exam Event
  20. Appendix A. Answers to Practice Questions
  21. Glossary of Terms
  22. Appendix B. Memory Tables (online)
  23. Appendix C. Memory Table Answers (online)
  24. Appendix D. Study Planner (online)
  25. Appendix E. Content Tracking to IT Fundamentals Domains and Objectives
  26. Glossary