Leadership and Culture in Portugal
Portugal, a conflict I have with myself. —Alexandre O'Neil
The exergue comes from a poem about Portugal by Alexandre O'Neil (published in 1965). It reflects the malaise most of the Portuguese intelligentsia feel toward their national culture and identity. José Saramago, Nobel Prize for literature in 2000, has also claimed that he is unlikely to reach a clear understanding of the Portuguese identity in his lifetime. Most of the reflections of Eduardo Lourenço, another famous essayist, have been dedicated to trying ...