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Data Center Handbook by Hwaiyu Geng

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7Overview of Data Centers in China

Zhe Liu, Jingyi Hu, Hongru Song, Yutao Yang, and Haibo Li

China Electronics Standardization Institute, Beijing, China

7.1 Introduction

7.1.1 Background

Along with the rapid development of information technologies (IT) and the increasing dependence on IT and products, the informationization (i.e., information based) development in China has been experiencing a continuous boom.

First, Internet popularizing rate is growing rapidly. According to the 34th Statistic Report on Internet Development in China [1] published by China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC), by the end of 2013, China’ netizen (i.e., a person actively involved in online community) population reached 513 million, with an increase of 618 million year on year, and an Internet popularizing rate of 45.8%; the number of websites had stood at 3.2 million, up 19.4% compared with that at the end of 2012. Take Internet entertainment application, for example, at the end of 2013; the number of online video users had increased by 15.2% over the previous year to 428 million, with the utilization ratio up by 69.3%—online video watching has become the fifth Internet feature after instant messaging, online news, search engine, online music, microblog/personal space. Furthermore, the application of e-business, online music, and video for mobile devices had also increased sharply.

Second, the informationization level of enterprises has been growing with full speed. The investigation ...

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