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Fundamentals of Microelectronics, 2nd Edition by Behzad Razavi

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1  INTRODUCTION TO MICROELECTRONICS

1.1   Electronics versus Microelectronics

1.2   Examples of Electronic Systems

1.2.1   Cellular Telephone

1.2.2   Digital Camera

1.2.3   Analog Versus Digital

1.3   Basic Concepts

1.3.1   Analog and Digital Signals

1.3.2   Analog Circuits

1.3.3   Digital Circuits

1.3.4   Basic Circuit Theorems

1.4   Chapter Summary

2   BASIC PHYSICS OF SEMICONDUCTORS

2.1   Semiconductor Materials and Their Properties

2.1.1   Charge Carriers in Solids

2.1.2   Modification of Carrier Densities

2.1.3   Transport of Carriers

2.2   pn Junction

2.2.1   pn Junction in Equilibrium

2.2.2   pn Junction Under Reverse Bias

2.2.3   pn Junction Under Forward Bias

2.2.4   I/V Characteristics

2.3   Reverse Breakdown

2.3.1   Zener Breakdown

2.3.2   Avalanche Breakdown

2.4   Chapter Summary

Problems

SPICE Problems

3   DIODE MODELS AND CIRCUITS

3.1   Ideal Diode

3.1.1   Initial Thoughts

3.1.2   Ideal Diode

3.1.3   Application Examples

3.2   pn Junction as a Diode

3.3   Additional Examples

3.4   Large-Signal and Small-Signal Operation

3.5   Applications of Diodes

3.5.1   Half-Wave and Full-Wave Rectifiers

3.5.2   Voltage Regulation

3.5.3   Limiting Circuits

3.5.4   Voltage Doublers

3.5.5   Diodes as Level Shifters and Switches

3.6   Chapter Summary

Problems

SPICE Problems

4   PHYSICS OF BIPOLAR TRANSISTORS

4.1   General Considerations

4.2   Structure of Bipolar Transistor

4.3   Operation ...

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