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Hybrid Electric Vehicles, 2nd Edition

Book Description

The latest developments in the field of hybrid electric vehicles

Hybrid Electric Vehicles provides an introduction to hybrid vehicles, which include purely electric, hybrid electric, hybrid hydraulic, fuel cell vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric, and off-road hybrid vehicular systems. It focuses on the power and propulsion systems for these vehicles, including issues related to power and energy management. Other topics covered include hybrid vs. pure electric, HEV system architecture (including plug-in & charging control and hydraulic), off-road and other industrial utility vehicles, safety and EMC, storage technologies, vehicular power and energy management, diagnostics and prognostics, and electromechanical vibration issues.

Hybrid Electric Vehicles, Second Edition is a comprehensively updated new edition with four new chapters covering recent advances in hybrid vehicle technology. New areas covered include battery modelling, charger design, and wireless charging. Substantial details have also been included on the architecture of hybrid excavators in the chapter related to special hybrid vehicles. Also included is a chapter providing an overview of hybrid vehicle technology, which offers a perspective on the current debate on sustainability and the environmental impact of hybrid and electric vehicle technology.

  • Completely updated with new chapters
  • Covers recent developments, breakthroughs, and technologies, including new drive topologies
  • Explains HEV fundamentals and applications
  • Offers a holistic perspective on vehicle electrification

Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Principles and Applications with Practical Perspectives, Second Edition is a great resource for researchers and practitioners in the automotive industry, as well as for graduate students in automotive engineering.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. About the Authors
  4. Preface To the First Edition
  5. Preface To the Second Edition
  6. Series Preface
  7. 1 Introduction
    1. 1.1 Sustainable Transportation
    2. 1.2 A Brief History of HEVs
    3. 1.3 Why EVs Emerged and Failed in the 1990s, and What We Can Learn
    4. 1.4 Architectures of HEVs
    5. 1.5 Interdisciplinary Nature of HEVs
    6. 1.6 State of the Art of HEVs
    7. 1.7 Challenges and Key Technology of HEVs
    8. 1.8 The Invisible Hand–Government Support
    9. 1.9 Latest Development in EV and HEV, China’s Surge in EV Sales
    10. References
  8. 2 Concept of Hybridization of the Automobile
    1. 2.1 Vehicle Basics
    2. 2.2 Basics of the EV
    3. 2.3 Basics of the HEV
    4. 2.4 Basics of Plug‐In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
    5. 2.5 Basics of Fuel Cell Vehicles (FCVs)
    6. Reference
  9. 3 HEV Fundamentals
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Vehicle Model
    3. 3.3 Vehicle Performance
    4. 3.4 EV Powertrain Component Sizing
    5. 3.5 Series Hybrid Vehicle
    6. 3.6 Parallel Hybrid Vehicle
    7. 3.7 Wheel Slip Dynamics
    8. References
  10. 4 Advanced HEV Architectures and Dynamics of HEV Powertrain
    1. 4.1 Principle of Planetary Gears
    2. 4.2 Toyota Prius and Ford Escape Hybrid Powertrain
    3. 4.3 GM Two‐Mode Hybrid Transmission
    4. 4.4 Dual‐Clutch Hybrid Transmissions
    5. 4.5 Hybrid Transmission Proposed by Zhang et al.
    6. 4.6 Renault IVT Hybrid Transmission
    7. 4.7 Timken Two‐Mode Hybrid Transmission
    8. 4.8 Tsai’s Hybrid Transmission
    9. 4.9 Hybrid Transmission with Both Speed and Torque Coupling Mechanism
    10. 4.10 Toyota Highlander and Lexus Hybrid, E‐Four‐Wheel Drive
    11. 4.11 CAMRY Hybrid
    12. 4.12 Chevy Volt Powertrain
    13. 4.13 Non‐Ideal Gears in the Planetary System
    14. 4.14 Dynamics of the Transmission
    15. 4.15 Conclusions
    16. References
  11. 5 Plug‐In Hybrid Electric Vehicles
    1. 5.1 Introduction to PHEVs
    2. 5.2 PHEV Architectures
    3. 5.3 Equivalent Electric Range of Blended PHEVs
    4. 5.4 Fuel Economy of PHEVs
    5. 5.5 Power Management of PHEVs
    6. 5.6 PHEV Design and Component Sizing
    7. 5.7 Component Sizing of EREVs
    8. 5.8 Component Sizing of Blended PHEVs
    9. 5.9 HEV to PHEV Conversions
    10. 5.10 Other Topics on PHEVs
    11. 5.11 Vehicle‐to‐Grid Technology
    12. 5.12 Conclusion
    13. References
  12. 6 Special Hybrid Vehicles
    1. 6.1 Hydraulic Hybrid Vehicles
    2. 6.2 Off‐Road HEVs
    3. 6.3 Diesel HEVs
    4. 6.4 Electric or Hybrid Ships, Aircraft, and Locomotives
    5. 6.5 Other Industrial Utility Application Vehicles
    6. References
    7. Further Reading
  13. 7 HEV Applications for Military Vehicles
    1. 7.1 Why HEVs Can Be Beneficial for Military Applications
    2. 7.2 Ground Vehicle Applications
    3. 7.3 Non‐Ground‐Vehicle Military Applications
    4. 7.4 Ruggedness Issues
    5. References
    6. Further Reading
  14. 8 Diagnostics, Prognostics, Reliability, EMC, and Other Topics Related to HEVs
    1. 8.1 Diagnostics and Prognostics in HEVs and EVs
    2. 8.2 Reliability of HEVs
    3. 8.3 Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Issues
    4. 8.4 Noise Vibration Harshness (NVH), Electromechanical, and Other Issues
    5. 8.5 End‐of‐Life Issues
    6. References
    7. Further Reading
  15. 9 Power Electronics in HEVs
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 Principles of Power Electronics
    3. 9.3 Rectifiers Used in HEVs
    4. 9.4 Buck Converter Used in HEVs
    5. 9.5 Non‐Isolated Bidirectional DC–DC Converter
    6. 9.6 Voltage Source Inverter
    7. 9.7 Current Source Inverter
    8. 9.8 Isolated Bidirectional DC–DC Converter
    9. 9.9 PWM Rectifier in HEVs
    10. 9.10 EV and PHEV Battery Chargers
    11. 9.11 Modeling and Simulation of HEV Power Electronics
    12. 9.12 Emerging Power Electronics Devices
    13. 9.13 Circuit Packaging
    14. 9.14 Thermal Management of HEV Power Electronics
    15. 9.15 Conclusions
    16. References
  16. 10 Electric Machines and Drives in HEVs
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Induction Motor Drives
    3. 10.3 Permanent Magnet Motor Drives
    4. 10.4 Switched Reluctance Motors
    5. 10.5 Doubly Salient Permanent Magnet Machines
    6. 10.6 Design and Sizing of Traction Motors
    7. 10.7 Thermal Analysis and Modeling of Traction Motors
    8. 10.8 Conclusions
    9. References
  17. 11 Electric Energy Sources and Storage Devices
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Characterization of Batteries
    3. 11.3 Comparison of Energy Storage Technologies
    4. 11.4 Ultracapacitors
    5. 11.5 Electric Circuit Model for Batteries and Ultracapacitors
    6. 11.6 Flywheel Energy Storage System
    7. 11.7 Fuel Cell Based Hybrid Vehicular Systems
    8. 11.8 Summary and Discussion
    9. References
    10. Further Reading
  18. 12 Battery Modeling
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Modeling of Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) Battery
    3. 12.3 Modeling of Lithium‐Ion (Li‐Ion) Battery
    4. 12.4 Parameter Estimation for Battery Models
    5. 12.5 Example Case of Using Battery Model in an EV System
    6. 12.6 Summary and Observations on Modeling and Simulation for Batteries
    7. References
    8. Further Reading
  19. 13 EV and PHEV Battery Charger Design
    1. 13.1 Introduction
    2. 13.2 Main Features of the LLC Resonant Charger
    3. 13.3 Design Considerations for an LLC Converter for a PHEV Battery Charger
    4. 13.4 Charging Trajectory Design
    5. 13.5 Design Procedures
    6. 13.6 Experimental Results
    7. 13.7 Conclusions
    8. References
  20. 14 Modeling and Simulation of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles
    1. 14.1 Introduction
    2. 14.2 Fundamentals of Vehicle System Modeling
    3. 14.3 HEV Modeling Using ADVISOR
    4. 14.4 HEV Modeling Using PSAT
    5. 14.5 Physics‐Based Modeling
    6. 14.6 Bond Graph and Other Modeling Techniques
    7. 14.7 Consideration of Numerical Integration Methods
    8. 14.8 Conclusion
    9. References
  21. 15 HEV Component Sizing and Design Optimization
    1. 15.1 Introduction
    2. 15.2 Global Optimization Algorithms for HEV Design
    3. 15.3 Model‐in‐the‐Loop Design Optimization Process
    4. 15.4 Parallel HEV Design Optimization Example
    5. 15.5 Series HEV Design Optimization Example
    6. 15.6 Conclusion
    7. References
  22. 16 Wireless Power Transfer for Electric Vehicle Applications
    1. 16.1 Introduction
    2. 16.2 Fundamental Theory
    3. 16.3 Magnetic Coupler Design
    4. 16.4 Compensation Network
    5. 16.5 Power Electronics Converters and Power Control
    6. 16.6 Methods of Study
    7. 16.7 Additional Discussion
    8. 16.8 A Double‐Sided LCC Compensation Topology and its Parameter Design
    9. 16.9 An LCLC Based Wireless Charger Using Capacitive Power Transfer Principle
    10. 16.10 Summary
    11. References
  23. 17 Vehicular Power Control Strategy and Energy Management
    1. 17.1 A Generic Framework, Definition, and Needs
    2. 17.2 Methodology to Implement
    3. 17.3 Benefits of Energy Management
    4. References
    5. Further Reading
  24. 18 Commercialization and Standardization of HEV Technology and Future Transportation
    1. 18.1 What Is Commercialization and Why Is It Important for HEVs?
    2. 18.2 Advantages, Disadvantages, and Enablers of Commercialization
    3. 18.3 Standardization and Commercialization
    4. 18.4 Commercialization Issues and Effects on Various Types of Vehicles
    5. 18.5 Commercialization of HEVs for Trucks and Off‐Road Applications
    6. 18.6 Commercialization and Future of HEVs and Transportation
    7. Further Reading
  25. 19 A Holistic Perspective on Vehicle Electrification
    1. 19.1 Vehicle Electrification – What Does it Involve?
    2. 19.2 To What Extent Should Vehicles Be Electrified?
    3. 19.3 What Other Industries Are Involved or Affected in Vehicle Electrification?
    4. 19.4 A More Complete Picture Towards Vehicle Electrification
    5. 19.5 The Ultimate Issue: To Electrify Vehicles or Not?
    6. Further Reading
  26. Index
  27. End User License Agreement