Chapter 3

Image and Its Properties

3.1Introduction

We begin this chapter with an introduction to images, image types, and data structures in Python. Image processing operations can be imagined as a workflow similar to Figure 3.1. The workflow begins with reading an image. The image is then processed using either low-level or high-level operations. Low-level operations operate on individual pixels. Such operations include filtering, morphology, thresholding, etc. High-level operations include image understanding, pattern recognition, etc. Once processed, the image(s) are either written to disk or visualized. The visualization may be performed during the course of processing as well. We will discuss this workflow and the functions using Python ...

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