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Information Assurance Handbook: Effective Computer Security and Risk Management Strategies by Steven Hernandez, Corey Schou

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CHAPTER 28

Industrial Control Systems

Industrial controls systems (ICSs) is a broad term used to describe several electronic control systems used in industrial manufacturing, power generation, water infrastructures, petroleum industry, and heating, ventilation, and air conditioning systems. Industrial control systems are subject to attack and exploitation because of the nature of how they were originally designed and operated. ICSs are used to control city water supplies, enrich uranium, and deliver oil around nations. ICSs control the valves, pumps, locking systems, doors, and devices of numerous automated systems.

ICS of the past were often designed with a life expectancy of ten years or longer. Where most information technology is designed ...

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