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Learning pandas by Michael Heydt

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Volatility calculation

The volatility of a stock is a measurement of the amount change of variance in the price of a stock over a specific period of time. It is common to compare the volatility to another stock to get a feel for which may have less risk or to a market index to compare the stock's volatility to the overall market. Generally, the higher the volatility, the riskier the investment in that stock.

Volatility is calculated by taking a rolling-window standard deviation on percentage change in a stock (and scaling it relative to the size of the window). The size of the window affects the overall result. The wider a window, the less representative the measurement will become. As the window narrows, the result approaches the standard deviation. ...

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