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Linux Device Drivers, Second Edition by Alessandro Rubini, Jonathan Corbet

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Quick Reference

This chapter introduced the following symbols:

#include <linux/param.h> , HZ

The HZ symbol specifies the number of clock ticks generated per second.

#include <linux/sched.h> , volatile unsigned long jiffies

The jiffies variable is incremented once for each clock tick; thus, it’s incremented HZ times per second.

#include <asm/msr.h> , rdtsc(low,high); , rdtscl(low);

Read the timestamp counter or its lower half. The header and macros are specific to PC-class processors; other platforms may need asm constructs to achieve similar results.

extern struct timeval xtime;

The current time, as calculated at the last timer tick.

#include <linux/time.h> , void do_gettimeofday(struct timeval *tv); , void get_fast_time(struct timeval *tv);

The functions return the current time; the former is very high resolution, the latter may be faster while giving coarser resolution.

#include <linux/delay.h> , void udelay(unsigned long usecs); , void mdelay(unsigned long msecs);

The functions introduce delays of an integer number of microseconds and milliseconds. The former should be used to wait for no longer than one millisecond; the latter should be used with extreme care because these delays are both busy-loops.

int in_interrupt();

Returns nonzero if the processor is currently running in interrupt mode.

#include <linux/tqueue.h> , DECLARE_TASK_QUEUE(variablename);

The macro declares a new variable and initializes it.

void queue_task(struct tq_struct *task, task_queue *list);

The function registers a task for later execution.

void run_task_queue(task_queue *list);

This function consumes a task queue.

task_queue tq_immediate, tq_timer;

These predefined task queues are run as soon as possible (for tq_immediate), or after each timer tick (for tq_timer).

int schedule_task(struct tq_struct *task);

Schedules a task to be run on the scheduler queue.

#include <linux/interrupt.h> , DECLARE_TASKLET(name, function, data) , DECLARE_TASKLET_DISABLED(name, function, data)

Declare a tasklet structure that will call the given function (passing it the given unsigned long data) when the tasklet is executed. The second form initializes the tasklet to a disabled state, keeping it from running until it is explicitly enabled.

void tasklet_schedule(struct tasklet_struct *tasklet);

Schedules the given tasklet for running. If the tasklet is enabled, it will be run shortly on the same CPU that ran the first call to tasklet_schedule.

tasklet_enable(struct tasklet_struct *tasklet); , tasklet_disable(struct tasklet_struct *tasklet);

These functions respectively enable and disable the given tasklet. A disabled tasklet can be scheduled, but will not run until it has been enabled again.

void tasklet_kill(struct tasklet_struct *tasklet);

Causes an “infinitely rescheduling” tasklet to cease execution. This function can block and may not be called in interrupt time.

#include <linux/timer.h> , void init_timer(struct timer_list * timer);

This function initializes a newly allocated timer.

void add_timer(struct timer_list * timer);

This function inserts the timer into the global list of pending timers.

int mod_timer(struct timer_list *timer, unsigned long expires);

This function is used to change the expiration time of an already scheduled timer structure.

int del_timer(struct timer_list * timer);

del_timer removes a timer from the list of pending timers. If the timer was actually queued, del_timer returns 1; otherwise, it returns 0.

int del_timer_sync(struct timer_list *timer);

This function is similar to del_timer, but guarantees that the function is not currently running on other CPUs.

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