Understanding scheduling latency

Real-time threads need to be scheduled as soon as they have something to do. However, even if there are no other threads of the same or higher priority, there is always a delay from the point at which the wake up event occurs – an interrupt or system timer – to the time that the thread starts to run. This is called scheduling latency. It can be broken down into several components, as shown in the following diagram:

Understanding scheduling latency

Firstly, there is the hardware interrupt latency from the point at which an interrupt is asserted until the ISR (interrupt service routine) begins to run. A small part of this is the delay in the interrupt ...

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