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Modeling and Modern Control of Wind Power

Book Description

An essential reference to the modeling techniques of wind turbine systems for the application of advanced control methods

This book covers the modeling of wind power and application of modern control methods to the wind power control—specifically the models of type 3 and type 4 wind turbines. The modeling aspects will help readers to streamline the wind turbine and wind power plant modeling, and reduce the burden of power system simulations to investigate the impact of wind power on power systems. The use of modern control methods will help technology development, especially from the perspective of manufactures. 

Chapter coverage includes: status of wind power development, grid code requirements for wind power integration; modeling and control of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG) wind turbine generator (WTG); optimal control strategy for load reduction of full scale converter (FSC) WTG; clustering based WTG model linearization; adaptive control of wind turbines for maximum power point tracking (MPPT); distributed model predictive active power control of wind power plants and energy storage systems; model predictive voltage control of wind power plants; control of wind power plant clusters; and fault ride-through capability enhancement of VSC HVDC connected offshore wind power plants. Modeling and Modern Control of Wind Power also features tables, illustrations, case studies, and an appendix showing a selection of typical test systems and the code of adaptive and distributed model predictive control.

  • Analyzes the developments in control methods for wind turbines (focusing on type 3 and type 4 wind turbines)
  • Provides an overview of the latest changes in grid code requirements for wind power integration
  • Reviews the operation characteristics of the FSC and DFIG WTG
  • Presents production efficiency improvement of WTG under uncertainties and disturbances with adaptive control
  • Deals with model predictive active and reactive power control of wind power plants
  • Describes enhanced control of VSC HVDC connected offshore wind power plants

Modeling and Modern Control of Wind Power is ideal for PhD students and researchers studying the field, but is also highly beneficial to engineers and transmission system operators (TSOs), wind turbine manufacturers, and consulting companies.

Table of Contents

  1. Cover
  2. Title Page
  3. Copyright
  4. List of Contributors
  5. About the Companion Website
  6. Chapter 1: Status of Wind Power Technologies
    1. 1.1 Wind Power Development
    2. 1.2 Wind Turbine Generator Technology
    3. 1.3 Conclusion
    4. References
  7. Chapter 2: Grid Code Requirements for Wind Power Integration
    1. 2.1 Introduction
    2. 2.2 Steady-state Operational Requirements
    3. 2.3 Low-voltage Ride Through Requirement
    4. 2.4 Conclusion
    5. References
  8. Chapter 3: Control of Doubly-fed Induction Generators for Wind Turbines
    1. 3.1 Introduction
    2. 3.2 Principles of Doubly-fed Induction Generator
    3. 3.3 PQ Control of Doubly-fed Induction Generator
    4. 3.4 Direct Torque Control of Doubly-fed Induction Generators
    5. 3.5 Low-voltage Ride Through of DFIGs
    6. 3.6 Conclusions
    7. References
  9. Chapter 4: Optimal Control Strategies of Wind Turbines for Load Reduction
    1. 4.1 Introduction
    2. 4.2 The Dynamic Model of a Wind Turbine
    3. 4.3 Wind Turbine Individual Pitch Control
    4. 4.4 Drivetrain Torsional Vibration Control
    5. 4.5 Conclusion
    6. References
  10. Chapter 5: Modeling of Full-scale Converter Wind Turbine Generator
    1. 5.1 Introduction
    2. 5.2 Operating Characteristics of FSC-WTGs
    3. 5.3 FSC-WTG Model
    4. 5.4 Full Scale Converter Control System
    5. 5.5 Grid-connected FSC-WTG Stability Control
    6. 5.6 Conclusion
    7. References
  11. Chapter 6: Clustering-based Wind Turbine Generator Model Linearization
    1. 6.1 Introduction
    2. 6.2 Operational Regions of Power-controlled Wind Turbines
    3. 6.3 Simplified Wind Turbine Model
    4. 6.4 Clustering-based Identification Method
    5. 6.5 Discrete-time PWA Modeling of Wind Turbines
    6. 6.6 Case Study
    7. 6.7 Conclusion
    8. References
  12. Chapter 7: Adaptive Control of Wind Turbines for Maximum Power Point Tracking
    1. 7.1 Introduction
    2. 7.2 Generator Control System for WECSs
    3. 7.3 Design of Adaptive Controller
    4. 7.4 Case Study
    5. 7.5 Conclusion
    6. References
  13. Chapter 8: Distributed Model Predictive Active Power Control of Wind Farms
    1. 8.1 Introduction
    2. 8.2 Wind Farm without Energy Storage
    3. 8.3 Wind Farm Equipped with Energy Storage
    4. 8.4 Case Study
    5. 8.5 Conclusion
    6. References
  14. Chapter 9: Model Predictive Voltage Control of Wind Power Plants
    1. 9.1 Introduction
    2. 9.2 MPC-based WFVC
    3. 9.3 Sensitivity Coefficient Calculation
    4. 9.4 Modeling of WTGs and SVCs/SVGs
    5. 9.5 Coordination with OLTC
    6. 9.6 Formulation of MPC Problem for WFVC
    7. 9.7 Case Study
    8. 9.8 Conclusion
    9. References
  15. Chapter 10: Control of Wind Farm Clusters
    1. 10.1 Introduction
    2. 10.2 Active Power and Frequency Control of Wind Farm Clusters
    3. 10.3 Reactive Power and Voltage Control of Wind Farms
    4. 10.4 Conclusion
    5. References
  16. Chapter 11: Fault Ride Through Enhancement of VSC-HVDC Connected Offshore Wind Power Plants
    1. 11.1 Introduction
    2. 11.2 Modeling and Control of VSC-HVDC-connected Offshore WPPs
    3. 11.3 Feedforward DC Voltage Control based FRT Technique for VSC-HVDC-connected WPP
    4. 11.4 Time-domain Simulation of FRT for VSC-HVDC-connected WPPs
    5. 11.5 Conclusions
    6. References
  17. Chapter 12: Power Oscillation Damping from VSC-HVDC-connected Offshore Wind Power Plants
    1. 12.1 Introduction
    2. 12.2 Modelling for Simulation
    3. 12.3 POD from Power Electronic Sources
    4. 12.4 Implementation on VSC-HVDC-connected WPPs
    5. 12.5 Conclusion
    6. Acknowledgement
    7. References
  18. Index
  19. End User License Agreement