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Paradigms of Artificial Intelligence Programming by Peter Norvig

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Chapter 14

Knowledge Representation and Reasoning

Knowledge itself is power.

—Francis Bacon (1561–1626)

The power resides in the knowledge.

—Edward Feigenbaum

Stanford University Heuristic Programming Project

Knowledge is Knowledge, and vice versa.

—Tee shirt

Stanford University Heuristic Programming Project

In the 1960s, much of AI concentrated on search techniques. In particular, a lot of work was concerned with theorem proving: stating a problem as a small set of axioms and searching for a proof of the problem. The implicit assumption was that the power resided in the inference mechanism–if we could just find the right search technique, then all our problems would be solved, and all our theorems would be proved.

Starting in the 1970s, this began to change. ...

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