2.23 Capacitors

If you take two oppositely charged parallel conducting plates separated a small distance apart by an insulator—such as air or a dielectric such as ceramic—you have created what's called a capacitor. Now, if you apply a voltage across the plates of the capacitor using a battery, as shown in Fig. 2.91, an interesting thing occurs. Electrons are pumped out the negative battery terminal and collect on the lower plate, while electrons are drawn away from the upper plate into the positive battery terminal. The top plate becomes deficient in electrons, while the lower plate becomes abundant in electrons.



Very quickly, ...

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