Chapter 4The Essence of Scrum

Scrum is a lightweight agile project management method based on small, empowered, self-organizing teams; complete visibility; and rapid adaptation.

What Is Scrum?

Scrum is a lightweight agile project management method that is enjoying widespread adoption and effective use. Jeff Sutherland and Ken Schwaber [Schwaber and Beedle 2002] developed many of the original Scrum practices at Easel in 1994.1 Thereafter, Scrum was formalized and subsequently presented at OOPSLA’96. Since then, Sutherland, Schwaber, and others have extended and enhanced it at many software companies and IT organizations.

Key characteristics of Scrum include:

• Small, cross-functional teams work closely together in an open environment to produce ...

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